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Small-stream buffers

first_imgThe State is funding a study to look at this issue and the results will be coming out this summer that will provide much needed information on this issue. If the intent is to base natural resource legislation on sound science, we need to allow time for that scientific analysis to be completed.(Mark Risse, Judy Meyer, David Radcliffe Liz Kramer RhettJackson and William Bumback are scientists with water-relatedresponsibilities with the University of Georgia.) Decades of scientific research throughout the country have demonstrated the services to society provided by intact small streams. These services are eliminated when streams are piped.This is what we know about small streams: In the Blue Ridge, an average annual flow of 25 gpm is generated by a watershed of about 16 acres. This only applies to the Blue Ridge. The watershed area generating that flow is likely to be significantly larger in other parts of the state. We estimate that watersheds of 30 to 45 acres would be needed to generate this flow in other parts of the state. Rainfall, topography, soils and geology all influence the amount of area required to generate this flow. These streams drain significant areas and should not be viewed as “wet weather ditches.”In the Blue Ridge, a stream of this size would flow in a channel approximately six feet wide and three feet deep. This includes intermittent streams that would not have any flow at some times of the year but would fill the channel during the winter and also includes small streams that begin with a spring and flow year-round.Often organisms such as mayflies, stoneflies and caddis fliesare used as indicators of good water quality and are alsoexcellent food for fish. In a Blue Ridge stream with 25 gpmaverage annual flow, there were numerous individuals from fivedifferent species in these indicator groups while in a pipedstream there was only one individual in these indicator groups.In addition the total number of insects being supplied todownstream ecosystems from this piped stream was only 16 percentof what was being supplied from the unpiped stream. These insectsare a critical source of food for downstream fish and otheraquatic organisms.We have already lost considerable mileage of small streams. For example, in the Upper Chattahoochee River, tributaries draining forest and pastures have about 2.2 miles of stream for every square mile of watershed. In urban and suburban watersheds where there has been considerable piping and filling, there are only about 1.5 miles of stream for every square mile of watershed. That means that 0.7 mile of stream per square mile has been lost in these watersheds. That is a one-third reduction in stream miles in these watersheds. If only a few small streams are piped in a watershed, that will not have dire consequences for downstream ecosystems. If, however, there is a general variance with no consideration of what has been done to other small streams in the watershed, the chances for widespread destruction of small streams is great, with significant consequences for downstream flooding, water supply, water quality and fisheries resources. While 25 gpm probably sounds like a small number, it’s not. An average annual flow of 25 gpm translates to over 13 million gallons per year, which could meet the water needs of over 175 people.UGA scientists are working on a study which the legislature requested when it modified the trout stream buffer legislation several years ago. The report from that study will come out this summer.Preliminary information from this research indicates:center_img They improve water quality. Think of them as the first line of defense. Excess nutrients entering waterways enter small streams, which are extremely efficient at removing those nutrients. They are much more efficient at nutrient removal than are larger, deeper channels. By eliminating those small streams you remove protection for waters further downstream.They maintain water supplies. There are close connections between small streams and groundwater and they serve to recharge the shallow groundwater system. Our recent experiences with drought have shown water conservation to be a critical issue in Georgia, hence it is important to maintain these services of small streams.They provide natural flood control. Because they slow the downstream movement of water, allow infiltration through the channel bottom to groundwater, and have access to a floodplain, these small channels reduce downstream flooding. In watersheds where small streams have been eliminated, downstream flooding increases.Vegetated buffers around small streams trap sediment and other pollutants, slowing their rate of movement downstream and minimizing impact to water supplies.They maintain biological diversity because there is a unique assemblage of organisms living in these small streams.They sustain the food webs of downstream ecosystems. Small streams export material that serves as food for fish and other organisms living downstream. Op-ed: Small-stream buffers criticalThe Georgia General Assembly is considering a bill that will greatly affect the health of streams across Georgia. Senate Bill 460, a bill dealing with the piping of streams and stream buffer variances, has passed the Senate and is currently being considered in the House.University of Georgia scientists have researchedwatersheds and streams in Georgia and the Southeast for decades. Much of this research has focused on small streams, which are the systems that will be affected by this legislation. Senate Bill 460 proposes to allow piping of small streams with less than 25 gallons per minute (gpm) average annual flow and establishes general criteria for buffer variances. The 25 gpm average annual flow is an arbitrary number without any scientific basis.last_img read more

U.S. Military Helicopters Airlift 61,000 Pounds Of Aid To El Salvador

first_imgBy Dialogo November 17, 2009 Joint Task Force-Bravo members, based at Soto Cano Air Base, Honduras, distributed 61,000 pounds of food, water and clothing to remote villages of El Salvador Nov. 13. The two-day combined total of supplies transported by the helicopters is more than 82,000 pounds, said Air Force Staff Sgt. Kristina Adams, JTF-Bravo supply liaison officer. The villages of Verapaz, Guadalupe, Santa Maria Ostumas and San Vicente were most affected by the floods completely cutting the towns off by damaging the roads and bridges after the Nov. 8 mudslides. More than 40 JTF-Bravo personnel along with four 1st Battalion, 228th Regiment helicopters deployed Nov. 11 to provide the people of El Salvador humanitarian aid. The helicopter crews spent the day traveling from town to town collecting and distributing supplies and transporting personnel. In addition to delivering supplies to flood-damaged communities, JTF-Bravo assisted in a damage assessment mission. One UH-60 Blackhawk helicopter from JTF-Bravo carried a combined U.S., Salvadoran damage assessment team to several sites affected by mudslides caused by the recent heavy rains. Engineers from U.S. Southern Command, together with Salvadoran military engineers, assisted El Salvador´s Ministry of Health gathering data from areas with damaged infrastructure. “Today we went to look at about a half-dozen bridges to get a sense of how bad they are,” said Air Force Lt. Col. Anthony Higdon, Central America Engineer Team chief from U.S. Southern Command. “We are working in cooperation with the Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance to support the Salvadoran Ministry of Public Works and the Salvadoran Engineer Command of the Armed Forces.” Finally a medical assessment team traveled to several of the villages affected by the floods to determine whether a medical training and readiness exercise, or MEDRETE, would be possible. The medical assessment team was lead by medical element liaison officer, Guillermo Saenz. He said from the early assessment he feels that a MEDRETE for the region would be possible in the coming weeks.last_img read more

Undocumented Indonesian worker in Taiwan tests positive for COVID-19

first_imgThe police found her on Monday when she was taking care of another patient in a different hospital. She was immediately put in an isolation room on Monday evening before eventually being diagnosed with COVID-19 on Wednesday.Taiwan Centers for Disease Control (CDC) deputy director Chuang Jen-hsiang said as quoted by taiwannews.com that the woman had “mild symptoms [of the viral disease]” and was currently staying in a hospital isolation ward.The Taiwan Central Epidemic Command Center (CECC) found that she traveled by train and a bus serving Route 38 between New Taipei’s Shulin and Banciao districts multiple times between Feb. 16 and 19. She had also met with a friend visiting from Kaohsiung in southern Taiwan on Feb. 18.Read also: Indonesian domestic worker in Singapore recovers from COVID-19 Topics : An Indonesian citizen identified as a 30-year-old undocumented worker in Taiwan was declared Wednesday the country’s 32nd confirmed COVID-19 case after caring for an 80-year-old man who also tested positive for the viral disease.Local media outlet taiwannews.com reported on Wednesday that the Indonesian woman contracted the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19 while taking care of the man at a hospital. He was yet to be confirmed infected when she took care of him from Feb. 11 to 16.By the time the man was diagnosed for COVID-19 on Sunday, the woman had moved to another place. Authorities began searching for her whereabouts after they discovered she was an undocumented migrant worker.center_img Chuang said those who came into direct contact with both the Indonesian woman and the elderly man she cared for in the hospital had tested negative for the disease.Taiwan’s CDC, however, was still searching for others who might have come into contact with them outside the hospital, the deputy director went on to say.A separate taiwannews.com report mentioned that the Indonesian woman had livestreamed her experience in quarantine on Facebook and TikTok. She also exposed her face and revealed information about the hospital to viewers.She posted a message on her Facebook account saying “Mbak nya santuuyyy pdhl + kena virus CORONA” (This woman is so relaxed despite testing positive for the novel coronavirus infection). During the livestream, she sang merrily and showed the IV needle in her hand, and presented a medical prescription on which the name of the hospital was visible.The video and screenshots of her livestream have been widely shared on social media among the migrant worker community in Taiwan.According to the report, Taiwanese health authorities are not allowed to disclose the names of hospitals treating virus-infected patients to avoid unnecessary panic both inside and outside the hospital.Concerned migrant workers later reported the incident to local health authorities, who may decide to hand out punishments under Taiwanese law.The Foreign Ministry’s director for citizen protection, Judha Nugraha, said Thursday the Indonesian Economic and Trade Office (KDEI) in Taipei had confirmed the woman’s status as an undocumented migrant worker who worked as a caregiver.He added the woman’s condition was stable.Read also: Taiwan remains safe for travelers: Tourism bureau“KDEI Taipei has coordinated with Taiwan’s health authorities to ensure that she is handled as well as possible. We will continue to closely monitor the condition of the migrant worker,” Judha said.The trade office was also coordinating with Taiwanese authorities regarding her medical treatment fee, the director said.Workers rights NGO Migrant CARE executive director Wahyu Susilo said the woman should remain in Taiwan to undergo proper medical procedure there.“It might be technically difficult if she wants to fly back home. Since she has been treated in an isolation room, it’s better for her to remain where she is and receive proper treatment,” Wahyu told The Jakarta Post on Thursday.He added that he hoped authorities could provide the best care for the migrant worker regardless of her legal status. “In regard to World Health Organization standards, I think Taiwanese authorities should set aside the patient’s status and focus on the treatment.”last_img read more

Wolf Administration Health Care Reform Plan Receives Widespread Support

first_imgWolf Administration Health Care Reform Plan Receives Widespread Support SHARE Email Facebook Twitter October 13, 2020center_img Healthcare,  Press Release Multiple health care organizations and professionals recently voiced support for the health care reform plan the Wolf Administration announced to help make health care affordable, accessible, equitable, and of value for every Pennsylvanian.“The support of respected organizations and health care professionals is vital to the success of these important reforms,” Gov. Wolf said. “Thank you to PAFP, Altarum, United States of Care, Center for Advocacy for the Rights & Interests of the Elderly, and the Rehabilitation and Community Providers Association for voicing their support for these health care reforms that represent those they serve.”Here’s what these organizations had to say:Pennsylvania Academy of Family Physicians:“We are pleased with Gov. Wolf’s focus on primary care and health care disparities in our great Commonwealth,” said Tracey Conti, MD, President of the Pennsylvania Academy of Family Physicians (PAFP). “Alongside the American Academy of Family Physicians, we have been touting enhanced spending by payors for primary health care for years. Pennsylvania is behind the national average of payor spending at 4.2%, compared to 5.6% nationally. Furthermore, while we applaud the creation of an Interagency Health Reform Council in order to address the state’s health care costs, we look forward to broader legislation that will implement a ‘health in all policies’ strategy to help ensure health equity for all Pennsylvanians. The PAFP looks forward to working with the governor and legislature on these important topics.”Altarum’s Healthcare Value Hub:“The Wolf Administration’s Health Reform Plan is unique in its comprehensive focus on affordability, access, equity and value for all health needs,” said Healthcare Value Hub leadership Lynn Quincy, Amanda Hunt and Sabah Bhatnagar. “It recognizes the inequities of the current healthcare system and, most importantly, proposed evidence-based approaches to address key system problems. For example, interagency data-sharing and coordination is a key component of better delivery of state provided healthcare. Regional Accountable Health Councils recognize that local healthcare markets differ in important ways and require a customized set of solutions to achieve the aims of this announcement. But what may resonate the most with Pennsylvanians is the Health Value Commission the governor is asking the legislature to establish. If successful in keeping payors and providers accountable for health care cost growth, this council will provide long sought relief to Pennsylvanians who suffer from unaffordable healthcare and inequitable health outcomes. As the Hub’s repository of evidence shows, we have strong evidence on how to produce more equitable, more affordable health for patients but Pennsylvania is one of only a handful of states to act upon this evidence.United States of Care:“Amid the worst public health crisis in 100 years, COVID-19 has laid bare the gaps in our health care system that require innovative solutions,” said Emily Barson, Executive Director of United States of Care. “Since March, Pennsylvania unemployment has remained above 10%, severing people from job-connected health insurance and leaving them with unknown out-of-pocket health care costs. Between March and April 2020, nearly 50,000 people enrolled in Pennsylvania’s Medicaid program, at a time that the state’s budget is under pressure. Sadly, though not surprisingly, people of color in Pennsylvania — which make up 19% of the population — account for a disproportionate number of deaths from COVID-19 (29%) and infections (34%).“The COVID-19 pandemic has illuminated the need for practical solutions that address both these immediate challenges and the long-term structural issues and gaps to ensure Pennsylvanians can access affordable high-quality health care moving forward. We applaud Governor Wolf and the General Assembly for making it a priority to lower health care costs and advance reforms that take into account a person’s whole health- physical, social, and financial. We look forward to seeing a Health Value Commission passed by the Assembly in 2021.”Center for Advocacy for the Rights & Interests of the Elderly:“We were pleased to learn of the Governor’s Whole Person Health Reform which is critical to contain costs and improve access to health care for all Pennsylvanians,” said Diane A. Menio, Executive Director of the Center for Advocacy for the Rights & Interests of the Elderly. “Pennsylvania elders too, need this protection from the increasing costs of their healthcare as well as containment of costs in critical safety net programs, Medicare and Medicaid.”Rehabilitation and Community Providers Association:“The governor’s new initiative really elevates the importance of behavioral health care and underscores just how important it is for individuals in need to have access to affordable and effective treatment options to improve their overall health and quality of life,” said Richard S. Edley, Ph.D., President and CEO of the Rehabilitation and Community Providers Association. “The integrated approach of whole-person care, which addresses both physical and behavioral needs, helps to lower health-care costs even as it improves overall outcomes for the individual we serve,” Edley said. “And, by integrating essential government functions across several state agencies, we can be sure we are tackling addressing social determinants that affect an individual’s health and well-being on the front end and ultimately deliver the best care possible.”last_img read more

PRI signatory delisting model to come into effect before year-end

first_imgThe Principles for Responsible Investment (PRI) is to decide on the process and criteria for delisting signatories in December, according to a spokeswoman.Amid strong growth in the number of signatories and concerns that many were only paying lip-service to the organisation, PRI has in recent years come under pressure to hold signatories to account about their pledge.Last year the PRI formally announced it would delist signatories that do not live up to the principles.The organisation has already defined the minimum criteria signatories must meet to avoid being kicked off the list, and the process for delisting.  The responsible investment organisation has made increasing accountability one of its priorities for the next 10 years, as set out in a blueprint it published in May. “For signatory status to be meaningful, and for beneficiaries to see the benefits they are entitled to, we must ensure that signatories are living up to the commitments they make when signing up to the Principles,” the PRI wrote.The number of signatories has grown significantly since the Principles were launched in 2006. At the time, there were around 100 signatories – today there are more than 1,750. Many asset owners require managers to be PRI signatories to consider them for mandates.At the moment, a manager, asset owner or service provider can become a signatory simply by filling in a declaration form, signed by a chief executive officer or equivalent person. The only way they can be delisted is if they do not publicly report every year on their responsible investment activity based on a PRI framework. There is a grace period of one reporting cycle after signing up to the Principles.How the PRI’s membership has grown Final sign-off must come from the board, however. It is due to decide on this in early December, and communicate the outcome of its decision to signatories thereafter.The PRI has already identified some 200 investors that were falling short of the proposed new standards, comprising both asset owners and investment managers. It will not make this watchlist public.The proposal the board will review in December is for the at-risk signatories to be delisted if they fail to meet minimum standards of progress over a two-year period. This would be subject to appeals.The PRI board would oversee the delisting process and hear any appeals. Based on the current proposal and timeline, the earliest any signatory could be delisted would be 2020. Fiona Reynolds, managing director, at the PRI (pictured) , told IPE that the new accountability model would formally come into effect before the end of this year.“All of our signatories will be informed about the minimum criteria standards we have developed ahead of the 2018 reporting season, which begins in early January,” she said. “We will also work with signatories who do not currently meet these minimum standards to assist them in every way possible during the two year period they will have for improvement. “This is a very important step in the PRI’s evolution and we have no doubt that it will strengthen the PRI and set out clear criteria to investors. Working together, it is our aim to progress responsible investment strategies and our signatory base has been very supportive of these new measures.”center_img Source: PRIlast_img read more

DEME to Begin Poland Dredging Gig

first_imgImage source: DEMEUnder a clear blue sky DEME Group cutter suction dredger ‘Amazone’ is setting sail from its homeport in Belgium to Poland to kick-off the dredging works at the Świnoujście – Szczecin fairway.The fairway provides access from the Baltic Sea, starting at the city of Świnoujście up to the Port of Szczecin, which is located some 66 km further inland.According to DEME, for this large-scale deepening and widening project several trailing suction hopper dredgers, a backhoe dredger and their cutter suction dredger ‘Amazone’ are being mobilized.“We are particularly proud of our team which has managed this major mobilization despite the coronavirus restrictions in place in both Belgium and Poland, taking all necessary measures to protect the health and safety of our people,” DEME announced.last_img read more

Lady Twisters Get Win Over Lady Trojans In Tennis

first_imgThe Oldenburg Academy Lady Twisters posted a 3-1 victory against The East Central Lady Trojans in Varsity Tennis Action to improve to 8-0 for the season.3 singles suspended with OA leading by a set and 5-4.JV winners: Sarah Preston and Claire Hollingsworth – 2 matches each.Courtesy of Twisters Coach Mark Wilder.last_img

Late winner gives Arsenal victory over West Brom

first_imgARSENAL striker Olivier Giroud headed a late winner as the Gunners ended a run of two Premier League defeats with victory over a stubborn West Brom to climb back to third.Giroud was making his first league start of the season and looped in an 86th minute header from a Mesut Ozil cross for his goal.Until that moment the Gunners had enjoyed nearly 80% possession, but had struggled to find a way past inspired Baggies keeper Ben Foster.He pulled off a number of key stops, including a double save when he parried an Alex Iwobi shot and blocked the rebound at the feet of Alexis Sanchez.The 33-year-old former England keeper also tipped over a fizzing shot from Sanchez before West Brom nearly snatched a goal, with Claudio Yacob skying his shot over the bar after Arsenal keeper Petr Cech dropped a corner.But Giroud finally broke the deadlock to keep Arsenal nine points behind leaders Chelsea, who beat Bournemouth.Arsenal had buckled in defeats by Everton and Manchester City in their previous two games and the focus was on how they would respond against one of the more resolute teams to beat in the top flight.It seemed like they were still feeling the impact of those losses as they had just one shot on target in the first half, but they managed 10 after the break as they increased their intensity and urgency.Sanchez was their main threat as the Chile forward tried to drag the Gunners single-handedly to three points but, like his team, he found himself being continually frustrated.Sanchez seemed set to score when he evaded a number of defenders in a run across the six-yard box only to strike his shot against the post, before Arsenal’s persistence was eventually rewarded through Giroud.“It has been a big relief,” said the France striker. “We pushed to the end, kept believing in our game.“We were very strong altogether and showed a good strong mentality. It was very important to win. We have shown big mental strength.”West Brom keeper Foster said the defeat was “tough to take” for the Baggies as they were again undone by a late goal, having been beaten in their last away game at Chelsea by a 76th minute strike.Arsenal’s goal came even later, when the visitors were in sight of securing a point to show for their disciplined and determined defending.Foster, who signed a new deal with the club just before Christmas, can feel the most hard done by, as he made 10 saves but still ended up on the losing side.“It is disappointing to lose any game, but to keep Arsenal at bay for so long and then lose with a few minutes left it is horrible,” said Foster.“You know you’re going to come here and, as a keeper, you’re going to be busy. The lads in front of me were brilliant. But fair play to Olivier Giroud – it was a great header and a great goal.”last_img read more

Formula One races in Bahrain and Vietnam postponed because of the coronavirus outbreak

first_img Associated Press Formula One races in Bahrain and Vietnam postponed because of the coronavirus outbreak March 13, 2020center_img Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditPARIS (AP) — Formula One races in Bahrain and Vietnam postponed because of the coronavirus outbreak.,Tampa Bay Lightning advance to face Dallas Stars in Stanley Cup finals, beating New York Islanders 2-1 in OT in Game 6last_img

The Latest: Soccer union says players are getting food aid

first_imgThe Latest: Soccer union says players are getting food aid Japan’s beloved high school baseball tournament has been canceled because of the coronavirus pandemic.The tournament is a huge annual event in Japan and is followed much the way Americans follow the college basketball tournament.The Japanese High School Baseball Federation says the cancellation was the first since World War II.Asahi newspaper president Masataka Watanabe says “the decision is needed to protect the health of the players, officials and fans.”The high school tournament has showcased some of the biggest stars in Japanese professional baseball. They include major leaguers like Ichiro Suzuki, Daisuke Matsuzaka and Hideki Matsui. Share This StoryFacebookTwitteremailPrintLinkedinRedditThe Latest on the effects of the coronavirus outbreak on sports around the world:___Soccer players in Africa and the Americas are receiving food packages from their union while the sport is shut down because of the coronavirus pandemic. French rugby club Toulon plans to resume training next month in small groups of three players amid the coronavirus pandemic.The three-time European champions say their players and coaching staff will have blood and heart tests next week at their training center.The groups of three will jog, do bodybuilding and work on their fitness levels in specially marked zones to avoid contact with others.France came out of lockdown on May 11. Toulon hopes players can train in groups of 8-12 in July and return to full training in August.___ The summer tournament was scheduled to start in August at Koshien Stadium in Nishinomiya. A smaller spring tournament was canceled earlier.___Rayo Vallecano players have returned to training after the Spanish soccer club accepted some of their salary demands.The players from the second-division club had not practiced this week as a protest for not being taken off furlough. They had only trained individually at home.The club says it met with players and decided to change their furlough conditions now that group sessions have begun and their workload increased. Tottenham is looking into whether defender Serge Aurier has broken social-distancing rules for the third time.Aurier posted a picture on Instagram on Tuesday appearing to show off a new haircut and sitting next to a stylist who was tagged in the post.The Premier League club says it is “investigating the circumstances and will deal with the incident appropriately.”The 27-year-old right back has been forced to apologize twice for breaking lockdown rules during the suspension of the Premier League because of the coronavirus pandemic. He posted a video of himself running with a friend and also training with Tottenham teammate Moussa Sissoko.___center_img Players in Botswana, Egypt, Colombia, Honduras, Panama, Paraguay and Uruguay were identified as getting food aid by world players’ union FIFPro.FIFPro general secretary Jonas Baer-Hoffmann says some players “are being stranded in terms of income.”FIFPro represents players in 65 countries. The union says most players have contracts paying them salaries comparable to national averages.Baer-Hoffmann says the vast majority of soccer players are “under the same financial pressures as the rest of society.”___ Associated Press May 20, 2020 Most soccer clubs in Spain used government furloughs to reduce their labor costs during the coronavirus pandemic.Players from second-division club Elche also refused to practice at the team’s training center last week and the club also eventually complied with their demands.The Spanish soccer season is expected to resume on the second weekend of June.___More AP sports: https://apnews.com/apf-sports and https://twitter.com/AP_Sports,Tampa Bay Lightning advance to face Dallas Stars in Stanley Cup finals, beating New York Islanders 2-1 in OT in Game 6last_img read more