Month: August 2019

Cosmologists expose flaws in anthropic reasoning

first_imgThis graph shows that the probability of observing a value of lambda equal to or greater than the measured value (dashed vertical line) is very small. The three lines represent the anthropically predicted probability density distribution as a function of R, the ratio of the cosmological constant in another part of the multiverse to that in our Universe in Starkman and Trotta’s MANO scheme. T controls the cosmic time when intelligent life emerges, with T=1 representing our Universe. Credit: American Physical Society. “The significance of our work is to offer a concrete example of how anthropic methods of reasoning can be used to reach conclusions contradictory to those usually arrived at,” Starkman told PhysOrg.com. “This suggests to us that anthropic explanations of fundamental questions should be treated very cautiously.”According to the Anthropic Principle, the fact that we are here to observe the universe explains why the laws of nature are what they are. Some scientists point to a great deal of coincidences to support this idea: the perfect strength and relation of the four forces; the many components producing carbon-based life; and the energy density of the universe driving its expansion (aka “lambda”). Add all this up, proponents argue, and it’s pretty unlikely that you should be here today. Not to mention that the Anthropic Principle seems to fit nicely with many popular theories, such as string theory and the multiverse.Prior to Starkman and Trotta, people have taken issue with anthropic reasoning, although most of these arguments have been qualitative (with exception of a few very recent studies). For instance, explaining that things are what they are because of the way things are, doesn’t seem to get us anywhere. In addition, anthropic reasoning narcisstically ignores the possibility of non-carbon-based life. And why must the universe have been created to support life—why not see it as humans adapting to the universe, since natural selection decides which types of life are the best survivors? “The less we rely on anthropic reasoning, the better,” is Starkman’s opinion. “But on the other hand, in using anthropic reasoning, we might, with great caution, agree on what makes life absolutely impossible. However, we should be entirely skeptical of arguments about what life makes more probable.”In their study, Starkman and Trotta attempt to use anthropic reasoning to explain the value of the cosmological constant, which controls the universe’s expansion rate. What is the probability that an observer makes a measurement of this value in a given universe? they ask. First, one must find the number of observers in that universe (automatically eliminating those universes incompatible with intelligent life). Then one must figure out how many measurements each onecould make. Citation: Cosmologists expose flaws in anthropic reasoning (2006, November 28) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2006-11-cosmologists-expose-flaws-anthropic.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.center_img Many scientists never liked it anyway, and now Glenn Starkman from Oxford/Case Western and Roberto Trotta from Oxford show that too many details—and too many unknowns—mean that anthropic reasoning gives inconsistent values of the cosmological constant, some that are far from current estimates. In their recent paper, “Why Anthropic Reasoning Cannot Predict Lambda” (Physical Review Letters), Starkman and Trotta find that different ways of defining the probability of observers in different universes leads to vastly different predictions of the cosmological constant. The question of the paper, then, is how to determine the number of observers in a universe and the number of measurements they could make—a number that cannot be measured directly, but which one must try to deduce despite the large number of unknown contributing factors. There are so many factors (e.g. number density of galaxies, baryons in halos, holographic arguments), in fact, that Starkman and Trotta argue that one’s prediction of the cosmological constant with anthropic reasoning depends “enormously” on the different ways of weighting all the factors. Because no single weighting scheme provides a fundamental advantage over any others, they argue, this lack of definition disqualifies anthropic reasoning. To demonstrate, Starkman and Trotta introduce a new weighting factor called the “maximum number of allowed observations” (MANO) in a universe. “This maximum number is the product of two factors—the number of observers and the maximum number of observations that each observer can make,” the scientists write in their study.Starkman and Trotta limit the number of observations per observer by calculating the maximum number of thermodynamic processes a living thing could perform in a lifetime under ideal conditions. Based on this energy-consuming picture, the scientists then limit the number of observers so that each can utilize all the energy in its surroundings without having to share (called the “rare observer limit”). They explain that if the number of observers increased, the energy per observer would decrease due to competition, waste, warfare, and thus wasted energy. Of course, the real outcome of overpopulation is unpredictable—but, the paper argues, this inability to predict the results of higher observer density further compromises the abilities of anthropic reasoning. Finally, the result which this anthropic reasoning gives: Starkman and Trotta measure that the probability of the anthropically predicted lambda being greater than or equal to the currently observed value (about 0.7) is one in 100,000. This result differs dramatically from the anthropic predictions proposed by Steven Weinberg, in predictions from 1989 (in his seminal paper on anthropic reasoning), to the present. Weinberg predicted a result larger than (though more similar to) current observations. Still other approaches have predicted much larger values.Starkman and Trotta explain that at least two assumptions of anthropic reasoning contribute to its flawed results. At its most basic level, anthropic reasoning uses the concept of probability to place limits on lambda. Perhaps, though, probability cannot apply to the entire universe, as the universe is not a lab where repeatable experiments are performed. Secondly, as the scientists write, anthropic reasoning depends heavily “on poorly understood microphysical processes involved in the evolution of life, especially of conscious beings interested in making observations of the fundamental constants.” Even expert biologists can hardly be sure of the various intelligence levels of animals on this planet. As a far-fetched illustration, we can’t eliminate the possibility that ants (or more aptly, aliens) will one day make their own measurements of the cosmological constant, can we?However, just because scientists have not found a weighting factor that would give an accurate prediction of lambda, might not rule out the possibility that a “correct” weighting factor could, in principle, exist. Starkman and Trotta have their doubts, though, not only on this possibility, but also on how valuable knowing the factor would be.“I think that, if such a possibility exists, then it has to be explored from the point of view of probability theory as logic, i.e. starting from fundamental reasoning principles and working our way upward toward a physical prediction,” said Trotta. “As our work demonstrates, attacking the problem from the other end will only give us answers that depend completely on the assumptions we put into our calculations. As such, those answers would probably have little relation with the physical reality and origin of our Universe.”“If there is a correct weighting factor (and I doubt that there is) I think we’re unlikely to be able to know what it is for such a very long time that we’d be better off trying to actually explain the universe we see,” said Starkman, “rather than arguing that it is the way it is so that we could be here to observe it.”Citation: Starkman, Glenn D., and Trotta, Roberto. “Why Anthropic Reasoning Cannot Predict Lambda.” Physical Review Letters 97, 201301 (2006).By Lisa Zyga, Copyright 2006 PhysOrg.comReprinted figure with permission from Starkman, Glenn D., and Roberto, Trotta. Physical Review Letters 97, 201301 (2006). Copyright 2006 by the American Physical Society. Readers may view, browse, and/or download material for temporary copying purposes only, provided these uses are for noncommercial personal purposes. Except as provided by law, this material may not be further reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, adapted, performed, displayed, published, or sold in whole or part, without prior written permission from the publisher.last_img read more

Something old something new Evolution and the structural divergence of duplicate genes

first_imgThe exon-intron structures of six pairs of representative sibling paralogs and the domain organization of their proteins, showing the three types of underlying mechanisms for structural divergences. Exons that have experienced exon/intron gain/loss (A-C), exonization/pseudoexonization (B-F), and insertion/deletion (B and C) events are highlighted with pink; those without structural difference are in gray. Small white bars in B and C depict the indels that have resulted from insertion/deletion events. Copyright © PNAS, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1109047109 Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. (PhysOrg.com) — Gene duplications are arguably the driving force of organismal evolution – and if they survive, such duplicate genes will diverge in both regulatory and coding genomic regions. Coding divergences, in turn, can be caused by nucleotide substitutions or exon-intron structural changes. (Exons are DNA bases that are transcribed into mRNA and eventually code for amino acids in proteins. Introns are DNA bases found between exons, but which are not transcribed.) Scientists have had limited knowledge in the latter case until recently, when researchers at the Institute of Botany of the Chinese Academy of Sciences investigated structural divergences during the evolution of duplicate and nonduplicate genes. They found that such structural divergences are very common in duplicate gene evolution, and have resulted from three primary causes – exon/intron gain/loss, exonization/pseudoexonization (where an intronic or intergenic sequence becomes exonic, or vice versa), and insertion/deletion – each contributing differently to structural divergence. The scientists concluded that structural divergences play a more important role in the evolution of duplicate genes than nonduplicate genes. During alignment, the team also took into consideration alternative splicing to ensure that the observed differences in exon-intron structure were not the artifact caused by comparisons of transcription forms with different splicing choices. In other words, among the multiple transcription forms of the two paralogs, only those with the same splicing choices and the highest similarity were considered. “This is also a conservative strategy that further minimized the potential errors in gene annotation.” Kong adds.Finally, says Kong, to calculate the genetic distances between genes, they only used the regions for which homology can be determined with confidence. “When structural changes have caused shifts in reading frame,” Kong points out, “corresponding regions were no longer homologous – especially when the corresponding amino acids were considered) and thus were excluded from further analyses. This was done manually for each of the investigated gene pairs.”Kong also discussed the team’s conclusion that structural divergences have played a more important role during the evolution of duplicate than nonduplicate genes. “Many people believe that duplicate genes tend to evolve more rapidly than nonduplicate genes because of functional redundancy,” he observes. “However, in the past few decades, attention has been paid exclusively to nucleotide substitutions, possibly because they are easy to detect and investigate. Some people even believe that point mutation, especially those that can lead to replacements of amino acids with distinct biochemical properties, play overwhelming roles in gene evolution.”Kong also points out that there are still scattered studies showing that changes in exon-intron structure have occurred and contributed to the generation of functionally distinct paralogs and orthologs (genes in different species that evolved from a common ancestral gene by speciation). “Actually, in many recent studies – especially those that focus on the evolution of multigene families – there are plenty of cases in which duplicate genes show obvious differences in exon-intron structure. This suggests that structural divergence have been widespread and important in gene evolution. Unfortunately, up until now, an extensive investigation of the prevalence, consequences and underlying mechanisms of structural divergence has been lacking.”In other words, the group’s study is the first to deal with the general patterns of structural divergence in gene evolution. “The conclusion that structural divergence has played a more important role during the evolution of duplicate than nonduplicate genes will help understand why gene duplication has contributed greatly to the acquisition of novel physiological and morphological characters. Clearly, duplication and subsequent divergence of genes have led to the increase of the genetic and phenotypic diversity of life.”In Kong’s opinion, their work will have at least three impacts. “Firstly, it highlights the importance of structural divergence in gene evolution, and may induce more broad and thorough studies on the other properties of structural divergence,” he explains. “This will help understand more about the general patterns of gene evolution.”Secondly, he continues, it will help understand the possible defects or even errors of studies in which only EST, CDS or protein sequences were compared. “As I wrote in our paper,” he notes, “‘in the future, when two or more genes are compared, special attention should be paid to their genomic sequences. Without the knowledge of exon-intron organization, it is impossible to guarantee the reliability of the alignments of genes if structural divergences, especially those that can cause shifts of reading frame, have occurred.’”Lastly, Kong says that their findings will stimulate reconsideration of some definitions now being widely used. “During the study, we feel that the differences or boundaries between many biological terms or concepts – such as alternative splicing and exonization/pseudoexonization, and exon/intron gain/loss and exon shuffling – are not very clear. We discussed this briefly in the paper, but more efforts are needed to clarify these issues.”In terms of next steps in their research, Kong says that the team is pursuing in two directions. “One is to investigate the prevalence and underlying mechanisms of structural divergence in representative animals, such as humans and fruit flies, and yeasts to see whether structural divergence play equally important roles in these eukaryotic lineages. From our preliminary data, we’re rather certain that this is not always the case.”Their other focus is to investigate many other properties of structural divergence. “For example,” Kong adds, “at present we have neither calculated the occurrence rates of each mechanism for structural divergence, nor have we known whether and to what extent natural selection has contributed to the process. Also, in my lab, we focus a bit more on the genetic and molecular basis for morphological evolution. We’ve found that duplication and diversification of a few regulatory genes – mostly transcription factor genes – are responsible for the alterations in floral characters. We’re also carrying out functional studies to see how changes in exon-intron structure have contributed to phenotypic evolution.”Kong adds that their research is extremely laborious and time-consuming, because most steps have to be performed manually. “It would be great if automatic pipelines could be developed to speed up the process. There’s some software that accomplishes this, but for many reasons, the quality of the work is not always satisfactory. We’re currently collaborating with developers to improve the quality and speed of such applications.”Beyond their own research in molecular evolution, genomics, and evolutionary developmental biology, Kong concludes, the team’s research findings may benefit any other areas that have connections with these fields. Personalising the use of chemotherapy in breast cancer treatmentcenter_img The research, led by Professor Hongzhi Kong and Assistant Professor Guixia Xu in the Institute of Botany’s State Key Laboratory of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, faced three main challenges in investigating the occurrence, importance and underlying mechanisms of structural divergences during the evolution of duplicate and nonduplicate genes.  “The first was to identify suitable duplicate genes for comparison,” Kong told PhysOrg.com. “Not all duplicate genes, albeit abundant, could be used for this purpose – if two genes have diverged too much, it would be difficult or even impossible to make a reliable comparison between them. The second,” Kong continues, “was to generate a reasonable alignment for each gene pair based upon which the underlying mechanisms for structural divergence were determined. The third was to calculate the genetic distance between genes, especially when changes in exon-intron structure have caused shifts in reading frame.” Kong described the ways in which the team addressed these issues. “To identify suitable duplicate genes for this study, we only considered the most closely related duplicate genes – that is, sibling paralogs – simply because their evolutionary histories were relatively short and deducible. However, the problem with this strategy is that our estimates of structural divergence were somehow conservative. Nevertheless, because differences in exon-intron structure were widespread even between sibling paralogs, our results highlighted the prevalence and importance of structural divergence during duplicate gene evolution.“To determine the underlying mechanisms for structural divergence, it is crucial to generate a reliable alignment for each paired sibling paralogs. “However,” Kong explains, “because such work relied heavily on the annotated gene structures, we first checked and evaluated the quality of gene annotation. We found that in plants, Arabidopsis and rice were the two species whose genomes have been most extensively and carefully annotated. We therefore focused exclusively on these species at this stage. We also found that in both Arabidopsis and rice, the annotations of some genes were likely better than others, simply because they play key roles in plant development and have been the focuses of functional studies. For this reason, and because of time and labor limits, we concentrated on seven well-known gene families.” More information: Divergence of duplicate genes in exon–intron structure. Published online before print January 9, 2012, PNAS January 24, 2012 vol. 109 no. 4 1187-1192, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1109047109 Copyright 2012 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Citation: Something old, something new: Evolution and the structural divergence of duplicate genes (2012, January 31) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-01-evolution-divergence-duplicate-genes.htmllast_img read more

Rutgers team has ring prototype for touch authentication

first_imgThe prototype ring and its usage for transmitting short messages from the ring to a touchpad. Image credit: Tam Vu Touchscreens are already designed to detect voltage changes from fingers touching and moving across the screen. They pick up those spikes, and software on the phone would read them as password-like data. Full details of their proposed approach can be seen in their research paper, “Distinguishing Users with Capacitive Touch Communication,” by Tam Vu, Akash Baid, Simon Gao, Marco Gruteser, Richard Howard, Janne Lindqvist, Predrag Spasojevic, and Jeffrey Walling. “We explore a novel form of wireless communication in which a touch panel acts as a receiver and a small ring-like device worn by the user serves as the transmitter.”Project leader Marco Gruteser said the team hopes to commercialize the device in two years. Their homework ahead includes coming up with a miniaturized version of the device, as the one they have now is too “clunky.” Also, the ring can transmit only a few bits of data per second quickly and accurately. “Our experiments show that this is feasible even with an off-the-shelf touchscreen system, albeit at very low bitrates,” the authors wrote. The equivalent of a pin code takes around two seconds for the ring to transmit, but Gruteser said that could be speeded up by modifying touchscreen firmware in phones. “We believe that significantly higher data rates could be achieved by designing receiver capabilities into touch screens,” the authors wrote.When the device is ready for prime time, their ring approach can be counted among the numerous attempts researchers are now making to provide easy but reliable authentication for mobile users. In expanding on that approach, as one computer scientist has suggested, research could lead to a time where numerous electronic devices are developed that “know” their users via touch and can adapt to preferences and offer personalized information.As the authors point out, examples of “who you are” today include iris recognition, face recognition and voice recognition, all of which are being prototyped and tested on mobile devices. With the advent of well known spoofing mechanisms, though, there is more work ahead. The authors point out that even novel approaches such as air gesture based authentication which uses accelerometer sensors of a mobile device are easily visible to an adversary and can be socially awkward.A finger-swipe is something people are already doing, said Gruteser. The appeal of the approach is that so many devices use swiping already, whereas few commercial devices have retina-readers or finger-scanners. WINLAB (Wireless Information Network Laboratory) at Rutgers, described as a cooperative industry-university research center, focuses on new ideas for the mobile Internet. Explore further © 2012 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. More information: www.winlab.rutgers.edu/~grutes … /papers/tammob12.pdfvia Technology Review ShakeID tracks touch action in multi-user display (Phys.org)—What about using the same mobile device touchscreens used every day for direct authentication? What if your touch alone identifies you by code from the ring on your finger? A team from the WINLAB at Rutgers University has turned the what-ifs into a device that makes use of capacitive touchscreens on phones and tablets to confirm the user’s identity. The device can provide an additional layer of protection alongside passwords. The device can send a few bits of data representing a password from a special battery powered ring (with flash memory) on the finger. The data is sent as tiny voltage bursts through the wearer’s skin for phone-screen capture. Citation: Rutgers team has ring prototype for touch authentication (2012, August 31) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-08-rutgers-team-prototype-authentication.htmllast_img read more

Interruptible 3D printing method wins Gehry prize w Video

first_img Robot arm at MIT will weave its own web (w/ Video) The prize is given to those who can demonstrate exceptional thesis projects. The couple won for their method of 3-D printing that allows the user to make changes to the design in progress.In 3-D printing an object is created by laying down successive layers of material that can render finished objects.3-D Printers make objects in three dimensions, layer by layer, which may be only microns thick. The model that is destined for replication has usually been fully resolved. The Phantom Geometry method allows the user, in contrast, to print outside the specifications of a given 3-D mode. Fundamentally the Phantom Geometry method is designed to create a physical model of streaming information. Using advanced robotic arms, the von Hasseln team proceeded to manipulate the model as it was being printed. According to their idea, as a printed product emerges, the designer can make alternations to the design in-progress, and in so doing change the downstream architecture of the printed product.Their system has a UV light projector, a special photo-sensitive resin, and controlled robotic arms from SCI-Arc’s Robot House. One robotic arm supports a projector at a stable height, while a second holds a vat of resin. 
The second arm moves the vat into the projector’s light beam of light. The designer tells the computer where and when to expose that vat to the projector’s rays. The designer is free to interrupt the process and change the model while it is being printed. As a result, one can work with a fabrication system that relies on real-time feed-back and feed-forward mechanisms, they said, and is therefore “interruptible and corruptible at any time.”As they explain in their own words, “The system uses UV light from a modified DLP projector to continuously and selectively cure photo initiated resin within a shallow vat system we developed for the project. The cured part is simultaneously and continually pulled away from the vat, allowing un-cured resin to flood in beneath it to be subsequently cured. The result is the material reification of streaming data that emerges along the motion path of the Staubli robot maneuvering the vat/projector apparatus.”SCI-Arc is an independent architecture school. The school’s Robot House is a cross between studio and shop, academy and industry, utilized as a research space for experimentation. Students have access to a multi-robot platform that includes six Stäubli robots, each with a full sphere of motion, operating in one flexible configuration, or in what the school calls a multi-robot work cell. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further © 2012 Phys.org (Phys.org)—A husband and wife architecture team have managed to turn 3-D printing into something that is less rigidly planned and more on the fly and have won a prestigious award as a result. Liz and Kyle von Hasseln are winners of the inaugural Gehry Prize from the Southern California Institute of Architecture (Sci-Arc) in Los Angeles. The prize is named after architect Frank Gehry, who is known around the world for his architectural wonders including the Guggenheim in Bilbao, Spain; the Walt Disney Concert Hall in downtown Los Angeles; and the Dancing House in Prague. Citation: Interruptible 3-D printing method wins Gehry prize (w/ Video) (2012, October 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-10-d-method-gehry-prize.htmllast_img read more

Microsoft job postings hint at changes coming for Windows Blue

first_img Citation: Microsoft job postings hint at changes coming for Windows Blue (2013, February 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-02-microsoft-job-hint-windows-blue.html Explore further Microsoft gives further peek at Windows 8 (Phys.org)—Postings on Microsoft’s Career web site appear to confirm widely spread rumors that Microsoft is planning to offer regular updates to Windows 8, similar to the way Apple updates its operating system, i.e. on a yearly basis. Code named Windows Blue, updates appear to be targeted at not just the internals’ of the operating system, but the user interface (UI) as well. © 2013 Phys.org In one job posting for an engineer, Microsoft reveals the company is looking for someone to join its Windows Core Experience Team, which the listing says will entail working on making improvements to the UI, including such fundamental aspects as the Start experience, the application lifecycle, how windowing works and overall personalization.Microsoft diverged dramatically from its traditional UI when it launched Windows 8, of course, a move that most industry insiders have attributed to a desire to meld the look and feel of all of the various platforms on which Windows appears—computers, smartphones, tablets, etc. Updates to the UI, while applying to its most basic components, are not expected to result in major changes to the user experience though—if Microsoft is working on that, users won’t likely see it till Windows 9 makes its debut.In another job posting, the company says its Excel Mobile Office team is looking for a development lead with a lot of experience to help implement something they call Windows Phone Blue—a likely code name for the development of applications to run on Windows smartphones to coincide with changes the company is making across its entire sweet of operating systems and the applications running on them. The idea is, apparently, to create a version of Excel that can run on a smartphone, but will still look like versions of Excel running on a computer or tablet.Up till now, Microsoft has followed a traditional pattern with its Windows operating system—they would create a major revision and then send out patches to fix known problems while working on the next major upgrade. But that was before smartphones and tablets and hybrids and all the rest. Now, it appears the company feels it needs to be not only more responsive, but to act proactively to tweak their product between major releases—a strategy that should allow them to keep their operating system looking fresh. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Simulations show likely amount of sea level rise in coastal cities around

first_img Contrary to what might seem obvious, sea levels do not rise in a uniform manner—levels may rise more in parts of Asia, for example, than along the California coast. These differences are due to factors such as ocean currents and the location of melting ice. Thus, as the planet heats up and more ice melts, resulting in higher sea levels, some coastal areas will see higher levels than others. In this new effort, the researchers sought to predict how much rise individual coastal cities are likely to experience as global temperatures reach two landmarks—2 °C and 5 °C higher than pre-industrial levels.To make their estimations, the researchers ran approximately 24 computer simulations approximately 5000 times—the models accounted for such factors as temperature rise of the air and ocean, ocean currents and the impact of melting ice. The models offered results very similar to those previously made by other researchers regarding global sea rising amounts, but they also offered estimates locally, showing, for example, that many parts of South and South East Asia are likely to see higher rises than other parts of the world. They also showed that the more levels rise, the faster the rise becomes if the factors contributing to global warming are not changed.If things continue on their current path, the researchers suggest, global temperatures are likely to become 2 °C higher than pre-industrial levels by 2040 or 2050 and 5 °C higher by 2100. If these milestones are reached, the simulations suggest, the Earth would experience a global sea rise of approximately six inches by mid-century and two feet by the end of the century. If that happened, the models suggest the East Coast of the U.S. would experience a sea rise of a foot by mid-century and cities like Lagos, Manilla and Ho Chi Minh City would experience a rise as much as three feet by the end of the century; New York City could see a rise of more than three and a half feet. More information: Svetlana Jevrejeva et al. Coastal sea level rise with warming above 2 °C, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2016). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1605312113AbstractTwo degrees of global warming above the preindustrial level is widely suggested as an appropriate threshold beyond which climate change risks become unacceptably high. This “2 °C” threshold is likely to be reached between 2040 and 2050 for both Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 8.5 and 4.5. Resulting sea level rises will not be globally uniform, due to ocean dynamical processes and changes in gravity associated with water mass redistribution. Here we provide probabilistic sea level rise projections for the global coastline with warming above the 2 °C goal. By 2040, with a 2 °C warming under the RCP8.5 scenario, more than 90% of coastal areas will experience sea level rise exceeding the global estimate of 0.2 m, with up to 0.4 m expected along the Atlantic coast of North America and Norway. With a 5 °C rise by 2100, sea level will rise rapidly, reaching 0.9 m (median), and 80% of the coastline will exceed the global sea level rise at the 95th percentile upper limit of 1.8 m. Under RCP8.5, by 2100, New York may expect rises of 1.09 m, Guangzhou may expect rises of 0.91 m, and Lagos may expect rises of 0.90 m, with the 95th percentile upper limit of 2.24 m, 1.93 m, and 1.92 m, respectively. The coastal communities of rapidly expanding cities in the developing world, and vulnerable tropical coastal ecosystems, will have a very limited time after midcentury to adapt to sea level rises unprecedented since the dawn of the Bronze Age. (Phys.org)—An international team of researchers has run multiple global climate computer simulations multiple times and has used the simulation results to estimate the local impact of rising sea levels on coastal cities around the globe. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group outlines the first serious attempt to account for multiple factors in making predictions about sea level rise amounts around the world. Credit: Tiago Fioreze / Wikipedia Citation: Simulations show likely amount of sea level rise in coastal cities around the world (2016, November 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-11-simulations-amount-sea-coastal-cities.html © 2016 Phys.orgcenter_img New paper by prominent scientists suggests ocean levels will rise much faster than predicted Explore further Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Going Punjabi

first_imgFrom Phulkari to Lassi to Makki di Roti and Sarson da Saag, the vibrancy of the land of the five rivers will be on full display as Delhi celebrates the culture and spirit of Punjab in a three-day Punjabi Mela organized by Delhi government’s Punjabi Academy.The cultural carnival will be unveiled at the Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts on 12 April and will put on display every aspect of Punjabi life – from its rich food to its colorful dances to various forms of its arts – to give a glimpse of the rich cultural heritage of the people of the land. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’The event also intends to exhibit and promote the dying ethnic traditions of Punjab through a setting of the traditional ‘mela’ of a Punjabi village where all cultural traditions meet and grow.All Punjabi instruments like the fast-slipping-into-oblivion ‘charkha’ or the spinning wheel, the art of knitting, popularly known as ‘Phulkari’, the making of ‘lassi’ and the playing of old musical instruments like ‘Been’, ‘Algoza’ and ‘Rabab’ will create an aura of  a typical Punjabi Mela. Dotting the IGNCA grounds will be stalls in the traditional Punjabi bazaar pattern selling Punjabi Juttis, Phulkaris, Naale-Prandey and other goods. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixFor those who love the Punjabi cuisine there would also be the traditional Punjabi food including. Men from the order of the ‘Nihang Singhs’ will perform their popular martial art Gatka.  ‘Punjab’s vibrant culture, its rich cuisine and soulful music, has always attracted people. It is full of love and life. Through this festival we not only want to highlight the culture of the state but also promote the dying traditions of the great land,’ said Rawail Singh, Secretary, Punjabi Academy.While the day will showcase the working arts, the evening will be take viewers to a nostalgic journey through the Punjabi culture with live performances by top singers and dancers. Performers of international fame are expected to participate in the three-day extravaganza where exquisite fusion of Bhangra-Giddha and modern dances would also be presented.last_img read more

Extend full support to AAP Rajnath

first_imgHome Minister Rajnath Singh on Monday, asked the Delhi Police to extend full support to the Arvind Kejriwal-led government, as he reiterated Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s view that the states should be given every assistance, rising above party lines in keeping with the spirit of “cooperative federalism”.“I would like to maintain that a new party has got the mandate and a new government has been formed in Delhi. I expect you to extend full cooperation to this newly-formed government so that it can pave way for the city’s development,” Singh said at the 68th Raising Day parade of the Delhi Police on Monday. Also Read – Company director arrested for swindling Rs 345 crore“And I would also like to assure the new government that Delhi Police will extend full support in maintaining law and order in the city and will not let any anti-social elements disrupt the development work,” he said.He appreciated the force’s efforts for ensuring safety of women in the national Capital, saying that not just the people of Delhi, but even the Prime Minister gets worried whenever there is a crime against any woman. He added that the Centre has asked all state governments to constitute Investigative Units on crimes against women. Also Read – Man who cheated 20 women on matrimonial websites arrestedMeanwhile, speaking about the recent attacks on churches, Singh said that the Delhi Police Commissioner and other officials have taken strong action to prevent the repeat of such incidents. Different communities live here and small things become news, which affects the image of the Delhi Police.Moving on, Singh further said that the people from the North-eastern regions should not feel alienated in the national Capital. “I would like to say that if anybody practises discrimination against them, strict action would be taken,” he said. He also advised the Police to give protection to the lesser privileged and said that the force “should be sensitive to the right to livelihood of street vendors, rickshaw-pullers and traders and strive to win their blessings”. Stressing on the need for adopting modern technologies, Singh said that the new procedure for issuing the Police Clearance Certificate was a step in that direction. He said that the Delhi Police should take the lead to realise the Prime Minister’s dream of ‘SMART Police’ (S-Sensitive and Strict; M-Modern with Mobility; A-Alert and Accountable; R- Reliable and Responsive; T-Trained and Techno-savvy). He also lauded the Himmat app, launched a few weeks ago, terming it an “effective application to provide security to women” in the national Capital.He also mentioned the probe into the 1984 riot cases by the SIT, assuring that justice would surely be bestowed upon the victims and their families.Notably, the Delhi Police Commissioner BS Bassi had invited Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal and his Cabinet for the event, but nobody from the newly sworn-in AAP government attended the function. However, both the Home Minister and Bassi asked media persons not to “read too much” into the issue. “It is a matter of privilege. I am sure, he (Kejriwal) will attend tomorrow’s (Tuesday) ‘At Home’ function,” said Bassi.last_img read more

CAG raps Arunachal for failing to implement midday meal scheme

first_imgThe Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) has criticised the Arunachal Pradesh education department for its failure in successful implementation of the Mid-Day Meal (MDM) scheme in the state.The Centre had launched the scheme in August 1995 to boost universalisation of primary education by increasing enrolment, retention and attendance and simultaneously improving nutritional status of primary schoolchildren.The CAG report, which was tabled in the state Assembly on Tuesday by Chief Minister Nabam Tuki, attributed inadequate financial management, short-lifting of food grain, delay in release of funds, inadequate infrastructural facilities and lack of monitoring as the reasons for failure of the scheme.The CAG highlighted that no household surveys were conducted to identify the total number of children enrolled at the primary stage and no attempts were made to encourage high-level of enrolment through publicity.The report stated that in 2010-11, against the Centre’s allocation of 6,687.66 MT of grains for primary and upper primary levels, the department lifted only 5,928.37 MT and during 2013-14, against an allocation of 6,625.01 MT, only 6,598.95 MT was lifted leading to short-lifting of 785.35 MT of food grain.last_img read more

Wishes galore for SRK on 50th birthday

first_imgCalling him a wonderful man and a great inspiration, celebrities like Salman Khan, Hema Malini and Karan Johar wished health and happiness to Shah Rukh Khan on his milestone 50th birthday.Many celebrities shared interesting anecdotes about working with Shah Rukh, while others took to social media to talk about how the actor inspired them to give their best in life.Salman, who has worked with SRK in films like Karan Arjun and Kuch Kuch Hota Hai, said, “I wish him the best in life, I wish him good health, family and success and most amazing life. I would want whole family to be healthy.” Filmmaker Karan Johar wished the actor and credited him for turning him into a director with Kuch Kuch Hota Hai.last_img read more

Embracing a good cause

first_imgThe Belgian Ambassador’s residence hosted a fund raiser for the NGO URJA to build a suitable premise for carrying out its operations for the district of Maharajganj, on Tuesday evening in the national Capital. A fashion show by Mouktika graced the evening with a beautiful Spring and Summer Collection designed by Padma Swarupa.URJA has successfully reached seven villages with solar panels providing low cost electricity. With the district magistrate’s cooperation URJA is establishing libraries in the Kasturba Gandhi Girls schools, in every block of the district. The NGO also has low cost sanitary napkins production units for women to help them maintain good health in suburbs and villages in India. Raka Singh, president of URJA felt that electricity is a fundamental right of every human being today. She started with solar energy in seven villages soon after the establishment of the organisation. “URJA will fulfill the goal of electrification of villages in UP by low cost alternate energy through solar panels. It also intends to bring all around development to felicitate poverty eradication,” said Neelam Pratap Rudy, vice president, URJA. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’Ambassador of Belgium, H E Jan Luykx said, “I have been in India for over a year and a half now, earlier I had come here to do my M. Phil. in Indian Philosophy. I love the country, its heritage and food and it is a great pleasure to be a part of a noble cause of helping those in need.”Padma Swarupa, Mauktika said, “We believe in women empowerment and giving the women every opportunity to look the best, because when they look the best they feel the best and they are the strongest. My collection today, of Mouktika is dedicated to strong women, the objective of Mouktika is ‘may we know them, may we be them and may we raise them”.The event also had the presence of Shahnaaz Hussain, Ratan Kaul and Preeti Ghai among many others.last_img read more

Aerobics daily keeps heart healthy

first_imgAerobic exercises such as brisk walking, running, jogging or swimming is likely to restore the cardiac protein quality control system in heart failure, suggests a research conducted on rats.Heart failure is a common end-point for many cardiovascular diseases. This syndrome is characterised by reduced cardiac output that leads to dyspnea, exercise intolerance and later death. Despite heart failure seems to be a multi-factorial syndrome, a common point observed by several studies was the accumulation of ‘bad’ (or misfolded) proteins in cardiac cells of both humans and animals with heart failure, the researchers said. Proteins are like workers responsible for many chemical reactions required in keeping our cells healthy. Proteins are constituted by a sequence of amino acids that determines the protein ‘shape’ (structure), which is critical for proteins to function. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’“During the evolution process, our cells developed a protein quality control system that refolds or degrades misfolded proteins, allowing them to keep only the ‘good’ proteins,” said Luiz H. M. Bozi from University of Sao Paulo in Brazil. The findings showed that misfolded protein accumulation in a rat model of heart failure was related to disruption of the cardiac protein quality control system. No pharmacology therapy targeting the protein quality control system. Further, aerobic exercise training was found to restore the cardiac protein quality control system, which was related to reduce misfolded protein accumulation. Aerobic exercise training also improved cardiac function in heart failure animals, said the paper published in Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. More than 20 million persons worldwide are estimated to have heart failure and this situation will get worse since the prevalence of heart failure will rise as the mean age of the population increases, the researchers concluded.last_img read more

Boy dies after falling off moving bus in Kolkata

first_imgKolkata: A teenage boy died Thursday morning after allegedly falling off a moving bus in the south -eastern part of the city, a senior police officer said. Around 7.30am, Akshay Kumar (14) apparently lost balance and fell off the bus when it was passing through Gobinda Chandra Khatik Road near Grace Ling Liang English School in Topsia Police Station area, he said. “The boy was rushed to Calcutta National Medical College and Hospital, where he was declared brought dead. We have initiated an investigation into the matter,” the officer added.last_img read more

The First Choice to Play the Original Predator Monster was…Van Damme

first_imgNow an action movie legend, Jean Claude Van Damme’s introduction to Hollywood wasn’t exactly glamorous. To his surprise he found himself encased in a monster suit on the set of Arnold Schwarzenegger’s classic Predator. Yes, JCVD was set to be the original Predator monster, and it wasn’t the dreadlocked death machine audiences know today.Colored bright red, this early version of the Predator resembled a praying mantis that had been dipped in paint.FX supervisor Steve Johnson was interviewed by the Stan Winston School of Character Arts in 2014 and recalled the reaction of the “Muscles from Brussels.”Van Damme in Paris at the French premiere of The Expendables 2 in 2012. Photo by Georges Biard CC BY-SA 3.0Van Damme “thought he was going to show his martial arts abilities to the world… We got him in at lunch and you could see his eyes through the rubber muscles of the neck and he’s like, ‘I hate this head. I hate it. I hate it. Hate it.’”Johnson had his reservations from the moment the concept drawings were spread out in front of him. “What they needed was a character with backward bent reptilian legs, extended arms and a head that was out here and they wanted to shoot on the muddy slopes of Mexico in the real jungles. It was virtually physically impossible to do. I told them it wouldn’t work.” He was proved right, and Van Damme was eventually sent home.Arnold Schwarzenegger on the set of Predator. Photo by Sunset Boulevard/Corbis via Getty ImagesJohnson’s interview with the Stan Winston School happened because Winston’s talents helped turn the Predator into the frightening foe audiences know today.The inspiration for the final look came from an emerging director Winston was working with named James Cameron.Whilst sitting on a plane together, the FX maestro was trying to come up with a concept. Cameron threw in the idea of mandibles and the rest is history.The production team behind Aliens, James Cameron and Gale Ann Hurd. Photo by Towpilot CC BY-SA 3.0The pair teamed up for Aliens (1986), which had the luxury of an established and terrifying monster. A sequel to Alien (1979), Cameron and Winston simply built on the distinctive, Gothic world designed by H.R. Giger.However when 20th Century Fox were first putting the xenomorph flick together, one prospective director had a very different image in mind for the scary antagonist.Producer Walter Hill spoke to Mike Garris of the WTF podcast last year, where he shed some light on a surreal moment in Alien’s development.Veteran helmer Robert Aldrich, known for intense offerings such as What Ever Happened To Baby Jane (1962), was in the running to put the crew of the Nostromo through their paces.Kevin Peter Hall on the set of Predator. Photo by Sunset Boulevard/Corbis via Getty ImagesAccording to Hill, “He said, ‘we’ve gotta come up with something really unique.’ And he said… ‘I don’t know, just off the top of my head…. this may not be a good idea but… maybe we could get, like, an orangutan… and shave it’ – And we were going, ‘God almighty. That’s one we hadn’t thought of!’”This uniqueness led to Aldrich passing the baton to Ridley Scott, who put his own stamp on the chilling space opera.If the monkey trainers had had their way, things would have been very different. Thankfully these kinks were ironed out in the run up to shooting, unlike the situation with Predator.Cameron in February 2010. Photo by Steve Jurvetson CC BY 2.0Once Cameron’s suggested mandibles were in place, the spiky-toothed human hunter went on to further exploits, the most recent of which (The Predator) has just been released. Viewers also witnessed the Alien v Predator franchise, leading to the return of Ridley Scott for prequel entries Prometheus and Alien: Covenant.As for Van Damme, he went onto happier times. Ironically his complaint during Predator that he looked “like a superhero” was given a weird twist, thanks to his starring role in Cyborg (1989). The low budget actioner was shot on sets originally intended for a Spider Man movie.Read another story from us: “Halloween” reboots with a brand new sequel starring Jamie Lee CurtisMovies and monsters have had a profitable relationship over the decades. Though sometimes in the process of creating the perfect foe, the production encounters an uncontrollable monster all of its own.Steve Palace is a writer, journalist and comedian from the UK. Sites he contributes to include The Vintage News, Art Knews Magazine and The Hollywood News. His short fiction has been published as part of the Iris Wildthyme range from Obverse Books.last_img read more

Why Romantic Poet Lord Byron is Considered a Hero of Greek Independence

first_imgWith a talent for writing poetry, a deformity to his right leg that affected his character, and an unstoppable appetite for women and debauchery, George Gordon Lord Byron stands out as an icon of the Romantic movement in literature. He was born in London, in 1788 and his best-known work, widely read in schools to date, includes the Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage.Portrait of Lord Byron.On the lesser known side of Byron’s life, he was as well involved in politics. He came from a well-off family, and his privileged position enabled him to serve terms in the House of Lords. But more notably, he actively participated in the Greek War of Independence to end the Ottoman rule there, offering both financial and logistical support. It would also be in Greece, the country which still praises him as a hero, where Lord Byron died in 1824.Byron’s writing and political career began at quite an early age. He took up his seat in the House of Lords by the time he was 21, and was already past his first unreturned love from Marcy Chaworth — his cousin, who eventually inspired him to pen some of his early erotically-pumped poetry. He was also a student at Cambridge, but better remembered for taking a keen interest in gambling and sex.Fore-edge painting of Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage by Lord Byron, 1812.At 22, Byron left Britain and began an extensive voyage around the Mediterranean. It was this journey that inspired Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage, which revolves around a typical theme and setting of the Romanticism days: a young man who is fascinated by nature and his exploration of foreign countries.Byron eventually reached Greece in 1809. He truly loved the Balkans, having previously traveled in Albania, but Greece he liked the most. In the country known as the cradle of civilization, Byron visited many monumental, ancient sites. He also became acquainted with the Greek cause, well enough that his later contributions will forever remain in the annals of Greek history.Lord Byron painted by Thomas Phillips in 1813. Venizelos Mansion, Athens (the British Ambassador’s residence).During this first stay in Greece, Byron also found a love interest in the daughter of the British consul and dedicated her the poem Daughter of Athens. The British poet postponed his departure as much as he could, and returned to the country again and again.In 1812, Byron wrote yet another poem in Greece — The Course of Minerva. Unlike the previous one, this one was more politically charged. It was his way to condemn Lord Elgin, whom he despised for dismantling and administrating the shipping of almost half of the Parthenon sculptures to Britain. One half of those marbles are still in London, housed in the British Museum. The remainder is displayed in the Acropolis Museum in Athens.Statue of Lord Byron in Athens.Byron was already a very successful poet by then, making lots of money, most of which if he didn’t spend on travel but on women. He had some attempts to settle for a more family-orientated life, as his political career dictated, but this did not go so well.Byron’s half-sister Augusta carried a daughter in 1814, with many speculating the child was his. The year after that, he wedded Annabella Milbanke, who gave birth to the lustful poet’s only legitimate daughter. Milbanke left Byron in 1816, after which he freely proceeded with his pleasure-seeking.Such way of life more affected Byron’s reputation to the point he self-exiled from Britain in the spring of 1816, never coming back. That summer he spent at the Lake Geneva with Percy and Mary Shelley.The reception of Lord Byron at Missolonghi.It was the so-called “Year without Summer” when heavy rain poured down all summer in Europe, flooding the continent’s biggest rivers and destroying crops. Inspired by the weather, the writers spent hours telling each other scary stories, the event eventually leading Mary Shelley to devise her infamous fantasy character — Frankenstein’s Monster.During his stay there, Byron became involved with Claire Clairmont, Mary’s half-sister, who also resided in the house and with whom he had yet another daughter. From Switzerland Byron moved to Italy, and eventually to Greece after he was asked in 1823 to actively join the Greek struggle against the Ottomans.Lord Byron on His Deathbed by Joseph Denis Odevaere.At this point, Byron would invest large amounts of his own fortune to fund the maintenance of Greek warships and he even launched his own fighting unit. He first stayed on the island of Cephalonia but eventually relocated to Missolonghi, a town on the west coast of mainland Greece which heavily suffered in the war. It was here that the poet died.In the time preceding to his death, Lord Byron collaborated with Alexandros Mavrokordatos, a prominent leader of the Greek revolutionary movement. Byron also established himself as a link between the Greek revolutionaries and the London Philhellenic Committee, a group of British philhellenes who channeled more money to support the Greek military.Statue of Lord Byron in Athens. Photo by Templar52Within the circle of Greek revolutionaries, things were not going so well, however. Byron would soon voice his concerns that some of the Greek leaders spent the fundraised money not for the purposes of liberation but for other political means.Things apparently got heated between the various rebel Greek factions, since the poet wrote to a close friend in September 1823 that “the Greeks seem to be at a greater danger among them, rather than from the enemy’s attacks.”The war concluded in 1830, effectively helping Greece to declare independence — but by that time its faithful helper, Lord Byron was long gone.Early on in 1824, amid all the stress to keep things together, Byron succumbed to an illness. It took only a few months for the disease to extinguish all life from him. He passed away in Missolonghi, on April 19, 1824, shortly after his 36th birthday. His early death was grieved both in Greece and Britain. His remains were returned to Britain where he was laid to rest in Nottinghamshire.Read another story from us: The Cross-Dressing French Aristocrat Who Became an Elite Royal SpyBesides his contribution to the Greek cause, Lord Byron is also noted for expressing his support for the independence of Ireland, both in poetry and political speeches. On one occasion he also supported the independence of India, albeit his stances on these two matters were not so popular back in his day. Before fighting for Greece, Lord Byron also actively joined the liberation movement in Italy which eventually led to the birth of the Kingdom of Italy in 1861.last_img read more

Mummified Mice Found in Colorful 2000yearold Egyptian Tomb

first_imgMummified humans are a familiar discovery in Egypt, and recently come to light are mummified cats, dogs, and falcons. But mice? Yes, dozens of preserved mice were among the artifacts found in a decorated tomb unearthed in 2019 near the Egyptian town of Sohag. The mice and some other animals surrounded two mummified human bodies. The burial chamber contains paintings of funeral processions and people working in the fields.Experts say the tomb is over 2,000 years old, in the Ptolemaic period, and is the resting place of a senior official called Tutu and his wife. It was discovered in October when smugglers were arrested for illegally digging for artifacts.Sphinx, Tutu“It’s one of the most exciting discoveries ever in the area,” said Mostafa Waziri, the secretary general of Egypt’s supreme council of antiquities, said to the media. It was a “beautiful, colorful tomb.”“It shows images of the owner of the burial room, Tutu, giving and receiving gifts before different gods and goddesses,” Waziri said. “We see the same thing for his wife, Ta-Shirit-Iziz, with the difference that [we see] verses from a book, the book of the afterlife.”Two mummies, a woman aged between 35 and 50 and a boy aged around 12, were on display outside the shallow burial chamber, along with more than 50 mummified mice, cats, and falcons. Check out the video below:Among the other treasures found inside the tomb were fragments of painted, decorative faces. The government described Sohag as “one of the most historically rich cities in Egypt.” It  is in a desert area near the Nile about 240 miles south of Cairo. Mr. Waziri said two mummies — a woman, age 35 to 50, and a boy, age 12 to 14 — were on display outside the shallow burial chamber. The 50 mummified animals recovered from the tomb included mice and falcons.Mummified cat, ancient Egypt, 2000-100 BCE. Science Museum, London, Wellcome Images / CC BY 4.0“The tomb is made up of a central lobby, and a burial room with two stone coffins,” Waziri said. “The lobby is divided in two. It shows images of the owner of the burial room, Tutu, giving and receiving gifts before different gods and goddesses.” Ptolemaic rule spanned about three centuries until the Roman conquest in 30 B.C. Archaeologists have made other interesting and significant discoveries in the last six months.This picture taken on December 15, 2018 shows a general view of a newly-discovered tomb belonging to the high priest ‘Wahtye’ who served during the fifth dynasty reign of King Neferirkare (between 2500-2300 BC), at the Saqqara necropolis, 30 kilometres south of the Egyptian capital Cairo. (Photo by Khaled DESOUKI / AFP/Getty Images)In December 2018 they found the final resting place of a high priest, untouched for 4,400 years, decorated with hieroglyphics. The tomb was found buried in a ridge at the ancient necropolis of Saqqara. It was untouched and unlooted.“The color is almost intact even though the tomb is almost 4,400 years old,” Waziri said.The high priest “Wahtye” served during the 5th Dynasty reign of King Neferirkare (between 2500-2300 BC), at the Saqqara necropolis in Egypt. In addition to the name of the deceased, hieroglyphs carved into the stone above the tomb’s door reveal his multiple titles.Saqqara pyramid of Djoser in Egypt photo by Charles J Sharp CC BY-SA 3.0The grave’s rectangular gallery is said to be covered in painted reliefs, sculptures, and inscriptions, all in excellent shape considering how much time has passed. The reliefs depict Wahtye himself, his wife Weret Ptah, and his mother Merit Meen, as well as everyday activities that include hunting and sailing and manufacturing goods such as pottery.Read another story from us: Dozens of Mummified Cats Found in 6,000-yr-old Egyptian TombsSince the 2011 uprising, the country’s political instability and insecurity has hit the tourism industry. The ministry hopes these new attractions will help draw visitors backlast_img read more

Ben Simmons cant shoot neither could Magic Johnson

first_imgColin says:The U.S. isn’t on Argentina’s level.NBA draft picks aren’t valuable like NFL draft picks.USA soccer fans need to stop blaming coaches, and start blaming players.Why college coaches should be offering scholarships in delivery rooms.Guests:Avery Johnson – University of Alabama Head Basketball Coach talks about facing likely #1 pick Ben Simmons, projecting him in the NBA, and the NBA Finals.Casey Wasserman – CEO Wasserman Media Group discusses what makes a successful company culture, when he knew the Rams were coming to L.A., and bringing the 2024 Olympics to L.A.John Lynch – FOX NFL Analyst looks inside the Broncos organization, talks John Elway and Peyton Manning’s relationship, and the Von Miller contract mess.last_img read more

Whitlock The Cowboys are the best fit for Colin Kaepernick

first_imgLeBron James has faded in the fourth quarter of The FinalsThe Cavs are attempting to avoid a sweep at the hands of the Warriors, and even though they trail 3-0, LeBron James is having a better statistical Finals than he did last year.It’s impossible to detect inefficiencies in LeBron’s performance from his stat line, but Whitlock thinks it’s clear that James hasn’t been able to close out games in the fourth because he’s completely gassed. In Game 3, James made several questionable decisions down the stretch and was stripped by Andre Iguodala as karmic repayment for his chasedown block in Game 7 last year.Even though the Cavs need LeBron to carry an unreasonably disproportionate burden of the offensive load, Whitlock thinks James needs to figure out how to pace himself, especially as he ages, so he isn’t shot when the game is on the line.Critics are terrified to criticize LeBron, but Whitlock thinks it’s obvious he hasn’t had it in crunch time in these FinalsGuests:Stephen Jackson – 17-year NBA veteran and NBA Champion joins the show from the Finals to explain why LeBron is doing all he can do and doesn’t deserve blame for the Cavs losing. He also discusses how the Cavs can upgrade their roster next year to compete for the Warriors.Clay Travis – Founder of Outkick the Coverage and host of Outkick the Show joins the show to discuss Bob Stoops stepping down at Oklahoma; why history says the program will regress after he leaves; and his take on the LeBron James graffiti incident.Rashad McCants – NBA Veteran and Big 3 league player is in-studio to talk NBA Finals; what he expects from the Big 3 Basketball League; and if his NBA career was negatively affected by dating Khloe Kardashian. Jason Whitlock is in for Colin:The Cowboys are the best fit for Colin KaepernickLast week it appeared that Colin Kaepernick was closing in on a deal with the Seahawks, but Pete Carroll decided to pass on Kaepernick in favor of back up Austin Davis. Many thought Seattle would be the perfect landing spot for Kaepernick. It’s a socially progressive city that largely embraces his social causes, and the Seattle locker room would absorb any extra attention Kaepernick might bring without much of an issue.Whitlock disagrees. He thinks Kaepernick would be a bad fit for the Seahawks that could unnecessarily undermine starter Russell Wilson. He also thinks that Kaepernick living in another socially progressive bubble would continue to draw Kaepernick’s focus away from football.The answer according to Jason? Jerry’s World and the Dallas Cowboys. Even though Jerry is cast the hard-right southern owner, controversy and attention are what he does best. Extra microphones at the Cowboys facility has never been viewed as a bad thing. Also, from a football perspective, Kaepernick would be the perfect quarterback to keep the Cowboys offense running if Prescott were to go down. He’s also no threat to undermine Dak Presccott, who has the entire locker room firmly behind him.last_img read more

VIDEO Belichick coached up Bradley Chubb at his Pro Day then jokingly

first_imgBill Belichick is always happiest when he’s coaching, and he was in his element yesterday, grinding it out at N.C. State’s pe-draft Pro Day in Raleigh. Belichick gladly stepped in to coach up Wolfpack star pass rusher – and likely Top 10 pick – Bradley Chubb on hand placement during some drills, and even busted out the trademark Belichick dry-sense of humor.Even though Chubb is by far the best prospect at the event, Belichick jokingly broke the news to him that there’s no way the Patriot were going to draft him because they were picking 31st. Belichick is a football junkie, he loves this stuff.Bill Belichick, master of the pigskin, coached up Bradley Chubb (@ASTROCHUBB) at his Pro Day and even left him with a joke 👏 pic.twitter.com/pVwQO77Q6o— The Checkdown (@thecheckdown) March 19, 2018last_img read more

The WebBased Scheduling Tool Thats One Step Ahead of You

first_img Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. September 14, 2010 Register Now » Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global So you know you need to get with the digital task-management future, but you just can’t stomach the leap to tools like Basecamp, LiquidPlanner or Microsoft Project? Try taking a gander at TheDeadline, the trendy new Web-based task management tool, built on the emerging Google App Engine, that — get ready for this — attempts to guess which tasks you want to be working on and when.That is, it tries to be like a real assistant, but without the paid vacations.Intrigued — and who wouldn’t be? — I installed the new tool in my six-person digital content company. Sure enough, TheDeadline, the Web 2.0 creation of Stefan Richter and Claudia Dietz of German-based Freiheit.com Technologies, really does turn out to be one crafty little task management tool.Things to LoveSuper-easy set-up: TheDeadline is worth a test drive for ease of use alone. Everything runs from a clean, blog-like layout that prompts users to create ToDos that can be linked to due dates, members of your team, Web content, and tags, similar to, say, Twitter.If you spend 10 minutes signing up and creating a basic set of ToDos and tasks, that’s a lot.Big-league Web task-management with minor-league stress: TheDeadline is built around some serious rules-based math that bakes those tasks, tags, dates and contacts and into a self-optimizing list that guesses what ToDos you should be looking at first. This ordered list not only tells you what to do, it brings into sharp focus all the important knacks businesses need to master in order to task-manage in the digital age: How to share a web-based work space. How not to run your shop just from your e-mail in-box. How to get a feel for who on your team is where and doing what at a given time.It’s all pretty subtle, and TheDeadline looks almost too simple, but what it shows you is not.Things To HateIt’s still a whole world of hurt to deploy: For all its cool factor, TheDeadline is still cloud-based software, and migrating to it takes real effort. Your team must remember to log into the TheDeadline site and not wait for an e-mail to remind them what needs to be done. (I know, that’s asking for it.) Mobile deployment is as of now limited, so you need a Web-connected PC to really use it. And your team will need to define its tags, the common conventions for how to update ToDos and otherwise decide on how to communicate. Which all takes serious time. And serious effort. Google Apps integration is minimal: Integration with the rest of Google Apps is limited as of now. Yes, it knows my Google log-in, but not my contacts, my calendar or my documents. These features are sure to come. But for now, this software is all about making simple, smart task lists, and really nothing else.The Smart BetBy all means, give TheDeadline a spin. Find a low-risk internal, non-client project — maybe updating your website or cleaning up old inventory — and use TheDeadline with your team try to get that job done. That will get your feet wet with the software and see if the code can play a larger role in your shop.Just keep in mind, this tool is no all-in-one productivity powerhouse. Rather, it’s a simple, smart list that gets your team in touch with powerful Web-based tasking concepts easily and cheaply.TheDeadline gets you moving up in the Web cloud, but without all the attendant organizational thunder and lightning.   4 min read Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.last_img read more