‘Horned Frogs lead the way’: A look at TCU’s ROTC programs

first_imgJack Wallacehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/jack-wallace/ RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR TCU names expert witnesses in lawsuit filed by former professor + posts ReddIt TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history Facebook Renee Umsted Olivia Waleshttps://www.tcu360.com/author/olivia-wales/ Jack Wallacehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/jack-wallace/ TCU will not raise tuition for the 2021-22 academic year Olivia Wales https://www.tcu360.com/author/olivia-wales/ Twitter NewsCampus NewsIn-depth reportingStudent organizationsTop Stories‘Horned Frogs lead the way’: A look at TCU’s ROTC programsBy Renee Umsted, Olivia Wales and Jack Wallace – November 17, 2020 2475 World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution Renee Umstedhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/renee-umsted/ Renee Umstedhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/renee-umsted/ 2020/21 NFL Exit Interviews – NFC West TCU News Now 4/28/2021 Facebook TCU 360 staff win awards at the Fall National College Media Convention Chemistry professor misses first TCU basketball home game in 40 years due to pandemic restrictions printMotivations for joiningAn exercise in time managementMaintaining a social lifeThe ruckA first job secured’Horned Frogs lead the way’: A look at TCU’s ROTC programsBy Renee Umsted, Olivia Wales and Jack WallaceAir Force ROTC cadets participate in a drill. (Jack Wallace/Staff Photographer) Air Force ROTC cadets participate in a drill. (Jack Wallace/Staff Photographer) Zach Rouseau sets five alarms to make sure he wakes up for his morning physical training workout. The first rings 10 minutes before he needs to get out of bed, the last goes off when he needs to leave his apartment and the three in between are spaced apart two to five minutes. Rouseau takes a quick shower, eats a carbohydrate-rich breakfast bar, drinks a protein shake—all while “turning up” to some of his favorite music—and heads to the recreation fields or the track, depending on the workout. It doesn’t matter how much he slept the night before, or how many exams he has that day. He’s expected to be on time and ready to participate in physical training (PT), held Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday mornings at 5:50.  For Rouseau, a sophomore biochemistry major, PT is one requirement of being in TCU’s Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC) program.After PT, Rouseau studies or sometimes takes a quick nap before heading to class for the day. In addition to his heavy course load—he’s taking introductory and intermediate-level science classes—Rouseau has to take 27 credit hours of ROTC military science courses, attend a lab every Thursday at a nearby military base and maintain a 2.0 GPA.“It [ROTC] definitely will build character. It’ll build your discipline,” Rouseau said. “It’ll help you be grateful for sleep, very much so.” Rouseau’s experiences are similar to those of the nearly 200 other students in the Army and Air Force ROTC programs at TCU. In addition to the challenges that come with being a college student, cadets have to deal with other obligations. TCU is one of about 1,100 colleges and universities across the country that offer Army and Air Force ROTC programs. Students who enroll are eligible to receive merit scholarships and a $420 monthly stipend that can cover tuition and living expenses.Scholarship recipients serve in the military for eight years after graduating, and they begin their service as officers, specifically second lieutenants. TCU first offered the Army ROTC program in 1951, and the Air Force ROTC formed its own program in 1957, after being combined with the Army ROTC. TCU is a host university, and its ROTC programs are available to students at crosstown schools, such as the University of Texas at Arlington and Tarrant County College. Motivations for joiningAn ROTC cadet is receiving training with a dummy M4 rifle. (Heesoo Yang/Staff Photographer)An ROTC cadet is receiving training with a dummy M4 rifle. (Heesoo Yang/Staff Photographer)Cadets join for different reasons, but many begin the program as first-year students.Hardy Stone, a junior mechanical engineering major, joined Army ROTC when he enrolled at TCU. Stone said he would not have been able to attend college without the four-year scholarship he received. He also was given money to cover his room and board because he earned a high score on a standardized test he took in high school.Another reason why he opted to participate in ROTC was because he wanted to serve in the military. Stone is a cadet squad leader, but like the rest of the first-year and sophomore cadets, he started out as a “Joe.” As a squad leader, Stone leads nine other students and the morning PT. Because he runs those exercises, he has to wake up around 4:50 a.m. so he can arrive at the workouts early. Rouseau, a transfer student new to the ROTC program, doesn’t have as many responsibilities as Stone, but he helps lead a team, a smaller unit within the squad. Rouseau played basketball at one of his previous schools, but after an injury ended his time on the team, he started looking for another way to get involved. “I realized that ROTC would’ve been a really good community to join,” Rouseau said. “They would also help me propel my career forward, and it kinda set myself up for the future.”As a team leader, Rouseau said he tries to improve PT by offering ideas—many of them based on his experience as an athlete—and by motivating other members of his team.   Emily Boring, a junior nursing major, never considered joining the Army before applying for ROTC. She had never even been camping. “I was kind of the oddball out,” Boring said. After researching the program and the four-year scholarship, she decided to join. While Boring, a squad leader, is one of four junior females in TCU’s Army ROTC, she doesn’t notice the gender disparity.“They don’t really treat me differently than they would treat anyone else,” Boring said. “It’s just like hanging out with a bunch of brothers all the time.”Since Boring joined ROTC, she said her knowledge and respect of the military has grown.”Gaining knowledge of our military and understanding other countries’ militaries has really made me appreciate where we live and the field that I’m going into,” Boring said. “It’s really made me realize how much work goes into our military.”Hanna Mankus, a junior engineering major, has lived with Boring for the past two years. Her first year, she lived in a hall with eight cadets. Mankus is not a cadet, but she has learned about ROTC by living with and around cadets.“I have a lot of respect for them. They have to do a lot more than I thought they did,” Mankus said. “This program produces some really good people.”An exercise in time managementArmy ROTC cadets perform temperature checks before a home football game. (Heesoo Yang/Staff Photographer)Army ROTC cadets perform temperature checks before a home football game. (Heesoo Yang/Staff Photographer)Just as there are consequences for skipping classes or sleeping through alarms, there are consequences for missing PT or failing to satisfy the fitness standards. “If you don’t meet the requirements by junior year, you wouldn’t be a good officer in the Army’s eyes, so that’s not worth their time to even consider you to be an officer,” Stone said. In addition, Rouseau said students who fail to meet the ROTC requirements have to pay back their scholarship.Cadets have to balance their academic coursework with their ROTC responsibilities, which can be a challenge, especially for students who have to take difficult classes to fulfill their major requirements.Savier Vega-Siurano, a junior at UT Arlington and a member of Air Force ROTC, has had an experience similar to that of Stone and Rouseau.“Honestly, it’s like having a job. It’s very difficult,” Vega-Siurano said. “We learn a lot of time managing out of it because we’re doing so much.” Air Force ROTC cadets learn during their first year and transition into small leadership roles as sophomores. These positions consist of “hands-on work” that are prerequisites to the administrative and training jobs they have their junior year.Vega-Siurano’s job is training the honor guard. The honor guard is a team, usually consisting of two flag-bearers flanked by two individuals carrying rifles, that honors the American flag and other flags in ceremonies. “As long as you do what you have to do, most likely you’ll make it through the program,” Vega-Siurano said.In the military science classes, which are standardized in ROTC programs across the country, students learn about tactics, land navigation, leadership and more mundane tasks, including filling out Army-specific paperwork. The classes, PT and Thursday labs are set in the schedule and can’t be missed, even when students might want extra time to study or sleep. Stone said he usually enrolls in 18-20 credit hours each semester, more than a typical full-time TCU student, and he will have to stay another semester to complete his core, major and ROTC classes.The ROTC has made accommodations for Rouseau, allowing him to take the first- and second-year military science courses this semester so he can be on track with the other sophomores.Rouseau is also allowed to drive himself to the Thursday labs at the off-campus base because one of his biology classes is scheduled while the battalion is traveling. Though Rouseau shows up after the rest of the students, at the end of the labs, the cadets go into formation, breaking it with a resounding “Horned Frogs lead the way,” a reminder of their unity before they depart.  Another responsibility of the battalion is assisting with home football games. Austin Gordon, a senior business entrepreneurship major in Army ROTC, is the assistant to the S3 position, which coordinates ROTC’s work on game days.With regulations imposed by COVID-19, ROTC students have different responsibilities than in past years, now performing temperature checks for everyone entering the stadium. “It’s definitely been a change but it has gone well, making sure everyone is healthy going into the game and everyone is safe,” Gordon said. Maintaining a social lifeAir Force ROTC cadets stand at attention with the flags of the honor guard. (Jack Wallace/Staff Photographer)Air Force ROTC cadets stand at attention with the flags of the honor guard. (Jack Wallace/Staff Photographer)“Saturday nights are not filled with parties. They are definitely filled with the library,” Rouseau said.  Like Rouseau, Stone said he spends most of his time outside of ROTC events attending classes or completing homework.  Carson Zimmermann, a junior finance major and one of Stone’s roommates, does not participate in ROTC. But after living with Stone since their first year at TCU, Zimmermann has become accustomed to Stone’s busy schedule. Zimmermann said one of the adjustments to Stone’s schedule was being quiet in the evenings, as Stone went to bed earlier since he had PT in the morning. “I’m not really a go-to-bed-early kind of person, so I would have to be super-duper quiet to not wake him up,” Zimmermann said. But he said the changes he had to make, such as turning down the TV volume, were not difficult or “a big deal,” especially since Zimmermann and Stone have become close friends. Zimmermann said Stone has given him a glimpse into some of the more subtle challenges that come with being a cadet. For example, Zimmermann said Stone wasn’t able to eat fast food with them, since he had to stay in shape for an upcoming PT test. “And that’s something that a regular roommate doesn’t have to do,” Zimmermann said.Vega-Siurano also commented on the demands of being a cadet. “It does limit your social life, but we aren’t robots,” Vega-Siurano said. “We still put in the time and figure out how to cope with that.”The ruckAir Force ROTC cadets stand in line, waiting for orders during an honor guard drill. (Jack Wallace/Staff Photographer)Air Force ROTC cadets stand in line, waiting for orders during an honor guard drill. (Jack Wallace/Staff Photographer)Boring poses with another Army ROTC cadet. (Photo courtesy of Emily Boring)Boring poses with another Army ROTC cadet. (Photo courtesy of Emily Boring)It was her first field training and Emily Boring was ready to quit Army ROTC. Over three days, Army ROTC cadets completed strenuous physical and intellectual exercises. At night, they slept in the woods. Boring had never slept in a sleeping bag before.She had just completed her first “ruck,” walking 12 miles carrying a rifle and a backpack weighing 55 to 65 pounds, when one of her professors approached her, saying she “looked terrible.”“I just looked at him and said, ‘I’m ready to quit,’” Boring said. Cadets are not able to listen to music in earbuds, so they talk, she said.“It’s one of those things in life where it’s so hard when you’re doing it, when you’re rucking 12 miles with your feet it’s not fun, nobody likes it, it’s not a good time,” Boring said. But Boring said she continued in the program because of the people. “Doing something that you’ve never done before is not easy at all, but when you’re thinking about what you’re gaining from the experience, the qualities you gain, how you change as a person, and who you’re surrounding yourself with, it’s such a good program,” Boring said. A first job securedAir Force ROTC cadets stand in order during a practice run of the honor guard ceremony. (Jack Wallace/Staff Photographer) Air Force ROTC cadets stand in order during a practice run of the honor guard ceremony. (Jack Wallace/Staff Photographer) Four years of work culminates in a final advance camp where senior cadets must pass tests in range shooting, land navigation and tactical lanes to be commissioned into the Army. “This is the big test at the end to see how good of a leader you are,” Gordon said. “It’s what you’ve been training for.” Unlike Gordon, Rouseau isn’t ready yet to be assessed and commissioned. He still has a few more years of waking up early for PT, studying hard, and sacrificing some sleep and social events to prepare for his future. Until it is time for Rouseau and the rest of the cadets to receive their assignments, they will continue to “lead the way.” TopBuilt with Shorthand Previous articleUniversity Recreation and Wellness Promotion Centers support students amid COVID-19Next articleHoroscope: November 17, 2020 Renee Umsted, Olivia Wales and Jack Wallace Jack Wallace Jack is a junior journalism major and studio art minor from Atlanta, Georgia. He enjoys everything sports and co-runs the Blanket Coverage podcast as well as photographs for TCU360.center_img Renee Umstedhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/renee-umsted/ Studying abroad during a pandemic Lessons of perseverance Olivia Wales Renee is a journalism major. She is dedicated to improving her journalism skills to effectively and ethically inform others. Olivia Waleshttps://www.tcu360.com/author/olivia-wales/ Jacqueline Lambiase is still fighting for students Olivia is a journalism major from Fayetteville, Arkansas. She enjoys running, hiking and planning adventures with her friends. When she is not writing, you can find her at the TCU Recreation Center, fiercely competing in any intramural sport. A fox’s tail: the story of TCU’s campus foxes ReddIt Welcome TCU Class of 2025 + posts Renee Umstedhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/renee-umsted/ + posts Meet the 2021 Student Body Officer Candidates Linkedin Jack Wallacehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/jack-wallace/ Linkedin Olivia Waleshttps://www.tcu360.com/author/olivia-wales/ Jack Wallacehttps://www.tcu360.com/author/jack-wallace/ Twitter 2020/21 NFL Exit Interviews – NFC East 2021 NFL Mock Draft (Part 1) Special Life in Fort Worthlast_img read more

Saudi Arabia put in charge of human rights panel

first_img Saudi media silent on RSF complaint against MBS The Saudi ambassador to the HRC, Faisal bin Hassan Trad, was quietly appointed to the position in June but the appointment only came to light today. It has enraged human rights defenders and international human rights organizations worldwide.“This appointment is grotesque,” said Alexandra El Khazen, the head of the Reporters Without Borders Middle East and Maghreb desk. “It is outrageous that the UN is allowing Saudi Arabia, one of the world’s biggest human rights violators, to chair this panel.“Saudi Arabia is ranked 164th out of 180 countries in the 2015 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index. How could anyone image Riyadh making a significant contribution to the fight against human rights violations throughout the world?”The Saudi kingdom’s human rights record is disastrous. There are no independent media. Journalists and bloggers who dare to stray from the official line are tried and given long jail terms, especially under the many draconian cyber-crime and anti-terrorism laws. Listed as an ‘Enemy of the Internet’, Saudi Arabia has been cracking down harder and harder on online activity since the Arab spring of 2011.Two professional journalists and seven citizen-journalists are currently detained arbitrarily. Reporters Without Borders and eight other international NGOs sent a joint letter to the Saudi authorities in July calling for the release of Saudi human rights defenders and other prisoners of conscience, including Raif Badawi, Waleed Abu Al-Khair and Fawzan Al-Harbi, one of the founders of the Arabian Civil and Political Rights Association (ACPRA).There has been no reply to the letter, the text of which was released on 1 September. News Organisation Reporters Without Borders is appalled to learn that Saudi Arabia has been appointed to head a five-member panel that advises the United Nations Human Rights Council, which is currently holding its 30th session. to go further June 8, 2021 Find out more March 9, 2021 Find out more September 21, 2015 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Saudi Arabia put in charge of human rights panel News Receive email alerts RSF_en Saudi ArabiaMiddle East – North Africa RSF joins Middle East and North Africa coalition to combat digital surveillance April 28, 2021 Find out more News NSO Group hasn’t kept its promises on human rights, RSF and other NGOs say Help by sharing this information News Follow the news on Saudi Arabia Saudi ArabiaMiddle East – North Africa last_img read more

RSF and partners launch a public consultation on the Journalism Trust Initiative

first_imgThe Global Editors Network (GEN) is the worldwide association of editors-in-chief founded in 2011. “Prototyping the Future of News” is our motto with the mission of fostering digital innovation and new storytelling methods within newsrooms and beyond, to all content providers. GEN is committed to quality journalism, ethical standards and a sustainable news ecosystem in the platform era. GEN seeks to empower news executives through its dedicated programmes: The Editors Lab, the Data Journalism Awards and the Media Literacy Toolkit project. The annual GEN Summit gathers some of the industry’s leading figures from across the globe for peer-learning and solutions-oriented collaboration. It is attended by 650+ participants from 60 countries, making it the world’s leading editorial conference. The GEN community includes over 15,000 editors, journalists and media innovators from around the world. More on Twitter @GENinnovate. Quotes and Testimonials:“It’s not rocket science to define the basic journalistic principles. Many ethical codes exist as long as journalism exists. The major problem is the algorithmic distribution of online content, because it does not include an “integrity factor” and amplifies everything that goes against these professional norms – sensationalism, rumours, falsehoods and hate. Therefore, existing best practices of the journalistic trade need to be translated to code of the Internet. This is a condition to reverse its logic, by rewarding and eventually re-monetizing compliance with these norms. JTI is the missing link between journalistic principles and methods on one side, and algorithms on the other.”Christophe Deloire – Secretary General, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) Online freedomsMedia independenceEvents InternetFreedom of expression July 2, 2019 – Updated on September 5, 2019 RSF and partners launch a public consultation on the Journalism Trust Initiative RSF_en Selected participants in the development stage of the JTI Standard include, in no particular order, the BBC, RTL Group (Luxembourg), Gazeta Wyborcza (Poland), Tagesspiegel (Germany), Tamedia (Switzerland), Norsk Rikskringkasting (NRK, Norway), TT News Agency (Sweden), Associated Press (USA), Deutsche Presse Agentur (dpa, Germany), World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), Google, Facebook, City University of New York (CUNY, USA), Ethical Journalism Network (EJN), Swiss Press Council, Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ, USA), Association of Taiwanese Journalists, Journalists Association of South Korea, The Independent Monitor for the Press (IMPRESS, UK), Autorità per le Garanzie nelle Comunicazioni (AGCOM, Italy), Federal Government Commissioner for Culture and the Media (BKM, Germany), European Association for the Co-ordination of Consumer Representation in Standardisation (ANEC), Internews (UK), Thomson Foundation (UK), Free Press Unlimited (FPU, the Netherlands), Fondation Hirondelle (Switzerland), Civil (USA), NewsGuard, Global Disinformation Index (GDI), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Organisation     Since May 2018, more than 120 experts, representing global, national and local media outlets, consumer associations, tech companies, regulators and NGOs have been working on developing professional standards in the frame of the Journalism Trust Initiative (JTI), launched by Reporters Without Borders (RSF) with its partners the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), Agence France Presse (AFP) and the Global Editors Network (GEN). In early June of this year, during a 3rd JTI Workshop at the EBU headquarters in Geneva (Switzerland), the registered participants adopted an official Standards document that defines indicators for trustworthy journalism. This document is made public on July 3rd, whereas a public consultation is launched under the aegis of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN). The European Broadcasting Union (EBU) is the world’s foremost alliance of public service media (PSM). Our mission is to make PSM indispensable. We represent 117 media organizations in 56 countries in Europe, the Middle East and Africa; and have an additional 34 Associates in Asia, Africa, Australasia and the Americas. Our Members operate nearly 2,000 television and radio channels alongside numerous online platforms. Together, they reach audiences of more than one billion people around the world, broadcasting in more than 160 languages. We strive to secure a sustainable future for public service media, provide our Members with world-class content from news to sports and music, and build on our founding ethos of solidarity and co-operation to create a centre for learning and sharing.Our subsidiary, Eurovision Services, aims to be the first-choice media services provider, offering new, better and different ways to simply, efficiently and seamlessly access and deliver content and services. We have offices in Brussels, Rome, Dubai, Moscow, New York, Washington DC, Singapore and Beijing. Our headquarters are in Geneva. Discover more about the EBU at www.ebu.ch A new logic to reward compliance with professional standardsA definition of indicators for trustworthy sources of informationA benchmark for ethical conduct and transparencyA breakthrough self-regulatory solution elaborated by 120 expertsA three months’ public consultation will feed into the final standards We understand that there is a substantial demand for these indicators, on the side of major platforms, advertisers, but also regulators and the media sector itself, but the process of developing them must be fully self-regulatory. We do not want to see governments or regulators or advertisers or big tech telling us what good or bad journalism is and therefore it must be us, the journalist’s community, to take the lead!Bertrand Pecquerie – CEO of the Global Editors Network (GEN) About:Founded in 1985, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has become one of the world’s leading NGOs in the defence and promotion of freedom of information. RSF is registered in France as a non-profit organization and has consultative status with the United Nations, UNESCO, the Council of Europe and the International Organization of the Francophonie. Based in Paris, it has fourteen international bureaux (Berlin, Brussels, Dakar, Geneva, Helsinki, London, Madrid, Rio de Janeiro, Stockholm, San Francisco, Taipei, Tunis, Vienna and Washington, D.C.) and has more than 150 correspondents in 130 countries, in all five continents. More about RSF at www.rsf.orgcenter_img More information:JTI on the CEN Website News “It is critical to answer properly to the public distrust in media, by offering to the citizens landmarks and visible tags on the web to distinguish trustworthy content easily. For us as a news agency, workability of the solution in the daily routine is key and it is extremely important, for all of us working on JTI, to propose a solution that serves the interests of the citizens first and foremost. Any standard is subject to constant review, particularly in fast-moving industries, and we expect this one to be no exception, but we have to start somewhere and we have to do it now.”Phil Chetwynd – Global News Director, Agence France Presse (AFP) Help by sharing this information Reporters Without Borders (RSF) and its partners AFP, EBU and GEN are pleased to announce the launch of a public consultation about their Journalism Trust Initiative (JTI) on July 3rd. JTI aims at defining indicators for trustworthy journalism. Compliance with them is expected to provide tangible benefits for media outlets, big and small, and thus, support them to cater to a healthy information space at large. Agence France-Presse (AFP), founded in 1835 as Agence Havas, is the third largest international news agency in the world delivering fast, accurate, in-depth coverage of the events shaping our world, from conflicts to politics, economics, sports, entertainment and the latest breakthroughs in health, science and technology. It is an autonomous entity created by the French parliament (Law N° 57-32 of 10 January 1957) whose operation is assured according to commercial rules. Its independence is at the heart of its fundamental obligations set out in its bylaws (article 2). Its Chairman represents the Agency and ensures its general management. AFP is administered by a board of eighteen directors composed of representatives of publishers, of broadcasting companies, of three government representatives as public services users, of members of its staff and of qualified individuals chosen by its higher counsel for their knowledge of media and digital technologies, economic and managerial skills. AFP has a duty to fulfil missions of general interest in the field of news and must, to the full extent of its resources, develop its activities with a view to providing users with accurate, impartial and trustworthy news services. CEN, the European Committee for Standardization, is an association that brings together the National Standardization Bodies of 34 European countries. CEN is one of three European Standardization Organizations (together with CENELEC and ETSI) that have been officially recognized by the European Union and by the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) as being responsible for developing and defining voluntary standards at European level. CEN provides a platform for the development of European Standards and other technical documents in relation to various kinds of products, materials, services and processes. CEN supports standardization activities in relation to a wide range of fields and sectors including: air and space, chemicals, construction, consumer products, defence and security, energy, the environment, food and feed, health and safety, healthcare, ICT, machinery, materials, pressure equipment, services, smart living, transport and packaging. “Following many months of work the EBU welcomes the chance for stakeholders to offer their feedback on the standards developed by our broad coalition of industry partners and EBU Members. We are all dedicated to creating an environment where media organizations that are committed to producing quality trusted journalism are valued and visible.Protecting this journalism, which derives from the strong public service media principles of Accuracy, Independence, Impartiality, Fairness, Transparency and Accountability is at the very heart of this project. Now is the time to see how these standards can operate on a practical level, so this initiative can have a real impact, helping the industry and audiences alike to identify quality journalism amid the disinformation.”Noel Curran – Director General, European Broadcasting Union (EBU) Online freedomsMedia independenceEvents InternetFreedom of expression     According to CEN guidelines, the JTI indicators were developed by consensus over the course of three Workshop meetings, facilitated by AFNOR, the French standardization body, and supported by its German sister-organisation DIN. Three drafting committees tasked with editing the text consisted of journalists and media practitioners only to secure the self-regulatory nature of JTI. An additional so-called Technical Task-force advised on its algorithmic interoperability. Other groups of participants, like media development organizations, regulators and tech companies have contributed their demands and views on how the JTI instrument might be applied further on. The World Federation of Advertisers (WFA) has endorsed the project and followed its progress continuously. A draft of the CEN Workshop Agreement is available for download on the website of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN). It includes a list of criteria on transparency, professionalism and ethical conduct that JTI stakeholders considered essential best practices for media outlets to be trusted. In addition, the document provides a questionnaire translating the Standards clauses into a checklist, which is machine-readable in order to inform algorithmic distribution of news.The public consultation of this draft is a critical feature to ensure the broadest possible support for the finally published document, and from now on until October, the Journalism Trust Initiative is expecting feedback on its proposal. The general public as well as professional communities are invited to provide opinion and specific proposals for amendments of each of the 16 clauses, numerous sub-clauses and the attached checklist. Means of providing feedback include an already available comments form posted on the CEN website and a dedicated e-mail address [email protected] In addition, an interactive online-tool will be developed. Following CEN guidelines, all comments received will be evaluated by the JTI drafting committees and then fed into a final review of the Workshop Agreement and its release towards the end of the year. After final publication of the JTI document in early 2020 it will be made available to all types of media outlets for self-assessment and optional, additional audit, the so-called conformity assessment. The resulting datasets are supposed to inform better decision making of news distribution and consumption, both by humans and algorithms, but also of advertising spending, and thus reward journalism worthy of this name. Any instrument to facilitate this logic was missing up until now and JTI took off to provide it in a fully inclusive and self-regulatory way – sourced by journalists for journalists, but with a wider alliance of other stakeholders supporting it. The public consultation is intended to widen the range of participation in and, eventually, the legitimacy of the Journalism Trust Initiative.Distinguishing itself from other projects around trust indicators, JTI focuses on the process – or the ‘manufacturing’ level of journalism – only, not on single pieces of content. Media outlets would be conforming with the standard as an entity, for example by providing transparency of ownership, sources of revenue and proof of a range of professional safeguards. For the first time, it adds a logic of rewarding compliance with already existing principles of journalism.last_img read more

Couple who wore swastika masks banned from Walmart for a year

first_imgiStock/WolterkBy: CATHERINE THORBECKE, ABC News  (MARSHALL, Minn.) — The couple seen in a now-viral video wearing face coverings with Nazi swastikas while shopping at a Walmart in Marshall, Minnesota, are not allowed at any Walmart stores for the next year.Video of the incident was captured and shared on Facebook by bystander Raphaela Mueller. It has garnered over 230,000 views on the platform since Sunday.“I was speechless,” Mueller told ABC News of what she saw. “I couldn’t believe my eyes. I turned to my partner and said, ‘Wow, did I just see that right?’”Mueller said that shortly after they saw the couple at the store on Saturday morning, they decided to report them to the store’s manager.As they were waiting to speak to the manager, Mueller said the couple — still clad in the face coverings — showed up at a register across from them and that’s when she started recording.In the video, the unidentified couple seemed to argue that it is a political statement. The woman wearing the swastika-adorned mask appears defiant in the video, talking in the direction of the camera as she responds to other customers who are strongly objecting to their masks. “If you vote for Biden,” the woman appears to be saying, “you’re going to be living in Nazi Germany, that’s what it’s going to be like.”Eventually, Mueller said, there was a lot of commotion and the couple was escorted out of the store by police.Mueller said she felt compelled to do something and not stay silent because of her own personal family history.“My great-grandmother fought in the Underground Resistance against the first wave of Nazis and risked her life for other people,” she said. “I had that underlying knowledge in my head of, ‘Wow, if I don’t say anything now, what did she risk her life for?’”She added that while many people think something like this “is never going to happen in our communities” she thinks that “it’s not that these events are more frequent right now, it is that they are being filmed more often.“I want people to get more comfortable with stepping in and speaking up,” she added.Walmart called the incident “unacceptable,” and said the individuals have been trespassed from all Walmart facilities for at least one year, meaning they could face trespassing charges if they go to a Walmart.“We strive to provide a safe and comfortable shopping environment for all our customers and will not tolerate any form of discrimination or harassment in any aspect of our business,” the company told ABC News in a statement. “We are asking everyone to wear face coverings when they enter our stores for their safety and the safety of others and it’s unfortunate that some individuals have taken this pandemic as an opportunity to create a distressing situation for customers and associates in our store.”Minnesota Gov. Tim Walz responded to the incident on Twitter, calling it “disgraceful, plain and simple.”“Thank you to the bystanders who stood up to this unacceptable, hate-fueled behavior,” the governor added. Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

Five decades of strong temporal variability in the flow of Brunt Ice Shelf, Antarctica

first_imgData showing velocity changes on the Brunt Ice Shelf (BIS), Antarctica, over the last 55 years are presented and analysed. During this period no large-scale calving events took place and the ice shelf gradually grew in size. Ice flow velocities, however, fluctuated greatly, increasing twofold between 1970 and 2000, then decreasing again to previous levels by 2012 after which velocities started to increase yet again. In the observational period, velocity changes in the order of 10% a−1 have commonly been observed, and currently velocities are increasing at this rate. By modelling the ice flow numerically, we explore potential causes for the observed changes in velocity. We find that a loss of mechanical contact between the BIS and the McDonald Ice Rumples following a local calving event in 1971 would explain both the increase and the subsequent decrease in ice velocities. Other explanations involving enlargement of observed rift structures are discounted as the effects on ice flow are found to be too small and the spatial pattern of velocity change inconsistent with data. The most recent phase of acceleration remains unexplained but may potentially be related to a recent re-activation of a known rift structure within the BIS.last_img read more

Nigerian Navy to Commission Four Warships

first_img View post tag: africa View post tag: Navy Authorities View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Commission Four warships, which have recently been delivered to the Nigerian Navy, will be commissioned tomorrow, Thursday, February 19.These vessels are NNS Centenary, NNS Okpabana, NNS Prosperity and NNS Sagbama. The Commissioning Ceremony will be performed by the President, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, His Excellency, Dr Goodluck Ebele Jonathan GCFR at the Naval Dockyard Ltd, Victoria Island, Lagos.The acquisition is a landmark achievement for the Nigerian Navy and the Federal Government. This is the first time in Nigerian Navy’s history that a simultaneous Commissioning Ceremony for 4 capital warships is organized.With these vessels the Nigerian Navy will enhance its ongoing and acknowledged efforts at improving security in the nation’s maritime environment.[mappress mapid=”15160″]Image: Nigerian Navy View post tag: Naval Nigerian Navy to Commission Four Warshipscenter_img View post tag: four February 18, 2015 Back to overview,Home naval-today Nigerian Navy to Commission Four Warships View post tag: Nigerian Navy View post tag: Warships Share this articlelast_img read more

Warsaw woman charged in federal court with purchasing guns used to shoot police

first_img WhatsApp Pinterest Facebook Warsaw woman charged in federal court with purchasing guns used to shoot police WhatsApp Google+ IndianaLocalNews Facebook By Jon Zimney – November 16, 2020 0 475 Twitter Pinterest Twitter (Photo supplied) A Warsaw woman faces federal charges after prosecutors say she bought guns that were used to shoot two police officers in Wisconsin earlier this month.Heather Bentley, 38, is charged with making false statements after allegedly receiving $1,500 and certifying that she was the buyer of the firearms.According to U.S. District Court, Bentley told police two people she knew were felons asked her to buy the guns.She then provided the firearms to the individuals then, just two days later, two police officers in Delafield, Wisconsin, encountered the two people she sold the guns to and one of them shot the officers.The following information was sent to 95.3 from the Department of Justice regarding the case against Bentley:SOUTH BEND – Heather Bentley, age 35, of Warsaw, Indiana was charged in a criminal Complaint with making false statements in connection with the purchase of firearms, announced U.S. Attorney Kirsch.According to documents in this case, Heather Bentley purchased three firearms on November 4, 2020. When she purchased the firearms, she certified that she was the actual buyer of the firearms. However, it is alleged that other individuals had given her over $1,500 to purchase the firearms. Bentley indicated during a later interview that two individuals who she knew to be felons had asked her to buy guns because they were fleeing from the police.  Bentley allegedly provided all three firearms to those individuals. Two days later, on November 6, 2020, two police officers in Delafield, Wisconsin responded to a call for service. Those officers encountered these same two individuals, one of whom shot both of the police officers. Both individuals were arrested in Wisconsin.“The charges in this case allege the defendant made a straw purchase, which is when a person acquires a firearm from a federal firearms licensee for someone else, who is either ineligible to purchase the firearm or wishes to conceal their identity,” commented ATF Special Agent in Charge Kristen de Tineo of the Chicago Field Division. “ATF will continue to investigate these serious violations, which put not only the community at risk, but, as illustrated in this complaint, law enforcement as well.”The United States Attorney’s Office emphasizes that a Complaint is merely an allegation and that all persons are presumed innocent until, and unless, proven guilty in court.If convicted, any specific sentence to be imposed will be determined by the Judge after a consideration of federal statutes and the Federal Sentencing Guidelines.The case is being investigated by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives with the assistance of the Delafield, Wisconsin Police Department.  This case is being prosecuted by Assistant United States Attorney Molly Donnelly.    Google+ Previous articleNorth Judson-San Pierre Schools going virtualNext articleThree people arrested during drug bust in LaGrange County Jon ZimneyJon Zimney is the News and Programming Director for News/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel and host of the Fries With That podcast. Follow him on Twitter @jzimney.last_img read more

Fighting flora with fauna

first_img Researchers: Deeper understanding of the peacock spider’s anti-reflective black surface may yield new applications Related Tree in Harvard Forest outfitted with sensors, cameras, and other digital equipment sends out on-the-ground coverage A red oak live tweets climate change This is not the Arboretum’s first use of biological controls to keep its living collections safe and thriving. In 2015, in collaboration with Joseph Elkinton, professor of environmental conservation at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, it introduced a parasitic fly Cynzenis albicansto help control the burgeoning and destructive winter moth population, which at one point was defoliating large sections of the Arboretum “making it look like winter in May,” Gapinski said.“Through partnership with Dr. Elkinton, winter moth is now a non-issue for us, and we have eliminated the need for chemical controls to keep the pest in check,” he said. A product idea with legs The Greeks knew it takes a thief to catch a thief. Today, taking a page from the ancients, scientists at the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University are using one foreigner to combat another, but in this case it’s fauna against flora.The target: swallow-wort, or Vincetoxicum nigrum or V. rossicum, a weed that is no stranger (or friend) to city gardeners or country strollers. Cambridge, in fact, distributes flyers asking residents to yank the seed pods when they see them; in woodsier suburbs, whole trees can be swamped with the climber.Exuding toxins, smothering neighbors, and chemically tricking monarch butterflies into laying their eggs on leaves that kill the larvae, swallow-wort is a threat to biodiversity, and on a quest for domination. The foul-smelling, finely-rooted weed resists conventional controls such as pulling, mowing, and herbicides, so this summer, the Arboretum partnered with the University of Rhode Island’s (URI) Biocontrol Laboratory to become a release site for the defoliating moth Hypena opulenta, a species native to Ukraine whose larvae eat swallow-wort leaves. The three-year project will gather data showing whether the moth could serve as an effective biocontrol agent against the rapidly spreading, highly adaptable Vincetoxicum.The alien invader’s threat to native insect and plant communities is so great that in 2005, URI researchers began investigating biocontrol options to conserve local ecosystems and the animals and insects that rely on them for survival. Biocontrol, when carefully and scientifically vetted, is a safe and effective alternative to pesticides, using living organisms or “natural predators” to reduce pest populations and invasive plants.Richard Casagrande, the entomology professor emeritus who initiated the URI biocontrol program, said host relationships that developed over millennia mean that many insects rely on specific organisms for their development.“Biocontrol specialists seek out these host-specific insect parasitoids, often wasps and flies, for controlling insect pests and weeds that are outside of their native range,” he said. “Centuries of experiences have shown these relationships to be stable in the new, introduced environments.”Hypena opulenta was shown to be a safe and potentially effective biocontrol agent against swallow-wort by several seasons of field surveys and preliminary testing in Europe, the native habitat or both moth and weed, followed by studies at URI’s Biocontrol Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)-approved quarantine facility.“A plant like the swallow-wort is introduced into North America, but it doesn’t have a native insect to feed on it, so we have to go back to its place of origin to find, research, and potentially introduce the natural enemy to its host plant, while ensuring safety to the surrounding ecosystem,” said Lisa Tewksbury, a Biocontrol Lab manager who has worked on the project since its inception.,Biocontrol is carefully regulated in the U.S., Tewksbury said. Canada conducted the first North American field releases of Hypena opulenta in 2013, but the approval process in the U.S. is more extensive, and it took URI researchers another four years to get USDA approval to release the moth in Massachusetts and Rhode Island in 2017.“Classical biological control is effective and a safe long-term management plan when the appropriate testing is done,” Tewksbury said. “The research on Hypena host-range testing in our lab took six years. We saw no larval development to the pupal stage on any of the 80 plant species we tested.”Casagrande said years or even decades of investigation are required before the USDA is petitioned to approve release of a biological agent. Only if the agency’s Technical Advisory Group for Biological Control Agents of Weeds (TAG), which includes scientists from the U.S., Canada, and Mexico, issues a favorable review does the USDA submit the petition to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and to native tribes, and finally for public review in the Federal Register.“There is concern about the safety of biocontrol, generally resulting from adverse impacts of accidental introductions,” said Casagrande. “Nobody is more concerned and careful than we are.”Hypena opulenta’s release at the Arboretum began at a remote location on Peters Hill. Tewksbury and URI research associate Lexi Johnson deployed a 6-foot-wide, 6-foot-tall mesh enclosure containing 37 adult male and female moths. A week later, they found eggs and newly hatched larvae, along with some leaf damage to the swallow-worts, an encouraging sign the moths were acclimating. Within several days, the number of larvae had increased, defoliating most of the swallow-worts inside the enclosure. Tewksbury and Johnson removed the cage and allowed the moths to fly freely, with the hope they will mate and lay new eggs on surrounding swallow-wort leaves.“The ideal scenario is that we are able to establish a population of this insect that is able to reproduce and spread into the areas that have swallow-wort,” Tewksbury said. “I don’t expect it to make the swallow-wort population disappear, but we do expect it to get permanently established, hopefully reducing the spread and impact of this pernicious weed.”,URI and Arboretum researchers will regularly monitor the release throughout the project. If this first release proves successful, Tewksbury said the Biocontrol Laboratory hopes to work with other states and agencies for additional releases.Andrew Gapinski, Arboretum head of horticulture, said this kind of partnership is by far the most effective tool to address the increasing environmental challenges that include novel pest and disease pressures, invasive weeds, and severe drought conditions.“Supporting and utilizing the latest scientific research — including biological controls — and partnering with outside experts is to the key to ensuring the future health of our plants and larger environment in a changing world,” he said.last_img read more

Students create app for Day of the Dead

first_imgIn honor of Dia de los Muertos, or the Day of the Dead, a group of Notre Dame students created an education application for iPads and iPhones. The students were working with Tracy Grimm, head of the Institute for Latino Studies Library and Archives, and visiting professor Joseph Segura. The app, called “Day of the Dead — Experience the Tradition,” is the first internally produced app at Notre Dame made available to the general public, Grimm said. Segura said while the app is designed as a tool for teachers, it also represents Notre Dame’s involvement in the Day of the Dead. “It will help teachers present the Day of the Dead in a more logical way, especially in primary and secondary schools,” Segura said. “The app also gives another view of Notre Dame and shows the significant number of people here with an interest in Latino art.” Junior Stephanie Aguilera, a student who worked on the app, said the app provides a new way to learn about the holiday’s impact in the United States. “The Latino population is the largest, fastest growing minority group in the nation so it’s important to share its culture in order to create a society that is more understanding and appreciative of the many cultures that come together at Notre Dame and in the United States,” Aguilera said. Segura said the application features images and information compiled by the Institute for Latino Studies during 10 years of Day of the Dead celebrations at Notre Dame since 2001. Student involvement was vital to the collaborative effort of developing the app, Segura said. “They put the passion on the table to drive it,” Segura said. Grimm said 2011 graduate Kevin Li, senior Stephanie Pedicini, IUSB senior Maclovio Cantu and Aguilera worked on video production, programming and graphics for the app. “Working on the app was more interesting and rewarding than any class project because all the students involved contributed our own areas of interest,” Aguilera said. Aguilera said she had the most difficult part of the process was organizing information and narrowing the material included in the app. “We interviewed various scholars who have a passion for Latino culture, like Rev. Virgil Elizondo, so there was more information that I would have liked to include,” Aguilera said. Li served as Information Technology manager for the Institute for Latino Studies from spring semester of his senior year until the end of summer in 2011. Li said he enjoyed the creative freedom students were given in creating the app. “My favorite part of working on the app was seeing how far we could push the envelope. One of the most promoted features of the app is a sugar skull. You can actually turn the skull around to view it from any angle by moving it with your hand,” Li said. Li also said the app’s creative and entertaining elements each serve an educational purpose. “We didn’t just do the skull thing because it was cool. [The skulls] tend to be 3D physical art pieces and it made sense to depict the skull in a way that let users experience that these artifacts exist in a physical space versus being on a canvas or a screen,” he said. Grimm said her favorite part of the project is its collaborative and interdisciplinary nature. “We were able to work across campus with the Snite Museum, FTT students, Fine Arts students and students in Latino Studies. It was like a real world project,” Grimm said. Grimm said the most challenging part of the process for her was understanding the technological possibilities. “The most difficult part was orienting myself to understand the potential of the technology — I’m not a computer person. Kevin Li … translated his technical knowledge into something we non-technical people could understand,” Grimm said. Grimm said there are plans to create new apps similar to this one. “The Julian Samora Library would like to produce another app to display our collection of original documents,” Grimm said. Aguilera said the app is important to her personally due to her heritage. “Dia de los Muertos is a day to honor those who have come before us in a celebratory manner,” she said. “It’s also important to me because it’s a tradition shared by both sides of the border, it began in Mexico but has traveled to the United States. In a way, it’s a union between my Mexican and American roots.”last_img read more